D4.docx - D4 A hunter-gatherer society is a community in...

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D 4 A hunter-gatherer society is a community in which people obtain food by foraging. This is the most ancient pattern of human subsistence and had lasted up until 10,000 years ago (Preziosi, 2018). People in hunter-gatherer society obtain food by fishing, hunting for wild animals or by gathering fruits, nuts, and wild plants. They live in small groups of 20-50 people related by kinship or marriage (Preziosi, 2018). Labor division is based on gender among foragers where men typically hunt while women gather (Kottak, 2011). One typical distinct characteristic of foragers is mobility. Due to the nature of their subsistence strategy, they move from one place to another when food is depleted in one area. Their journeys can sometimes be as long as a thousand miles. Because they have to travel on foot and can only bring what they can carry, foragers have very little belongings. They have an underdeveloped sense of possession and most often is seen as impoverished by agricultural and industrial societies (Sahlins, 1972). Having less does not always translate into inadequacy. In an excerpt from his book Stone Age Economics,
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