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SYP 3060 Human Sexuality and Social Change w/ Dr. Carreno-LukasikStudy Guide 1Your exam will consist of multiple choice questions that can address any of the topics below:perspectives on sexuality* examples of early cultures: art from the Stone Age as well as from when the climate warmed after the Ice Age reveals what about sexuality; i.e., who was worshipped in terms of fertility during these time periods and why: Stone Age art (primitive statues and cave drawings) shows how women were worshipped for their ability to bear children and keep the species going – this art showed womenwith large breasts, rounded hips, and large prominent sex organs – i.e., women were worshipped for their fertility. During the ice age people became more agrarian – men tended livestock and women became farmers – during this time period people became more aware of men’s role in reproduction, so phallic worship (worship of the penis) came into being – we believe they gained this knowledge by watching livestock reproduce – the penis became glorified in art through phallic symbols like in rings and necklaces* for ancient Hebrews, what was the purpose of sex: sex was for marriage and procreation, which led to interesting customs. Although sex was supposed to be limited to marriage bc of emphasis on procreation, sex within marriage was also supposed to be about mutual pleasure and fulfillment – sex was viewed as a wayof strengthening marital bonds. how did the ancient Hebrews view same-sex relations and adultery: same-sex relations were strongly condemned (bc not for procreation), and adultery for women was condemned, although men could practice polygamy* how did the ancient Greeks view sex and same-sex relations: the Greeks admired the male body and enjoyed nude wrestling in the arena. Greeks believedwomen and men were all bisexual, so male-male sex was viewed as normal and acceptable as long as it did not threaten the institution of family.* how did the ancient Greeks view prostitution: flourished at every level of society– in the upper class were courtesans, who were skilled in music, dance, politics, and also sex, and in lower class were brothels with prostitutes and street walkers– there was no stigma to visiting prostitutes* what were the social class differences in ancient Rome regarding sex: sexual excess was common among Roman emperors and ruling families – ex: Julius Caesar is believed to have had relations with both women and men – ex: other emperors like Caligula sponsored orgies where guests had sex with each other and also engaged in sadism and bestiality – these excesses were mostly in the upper classes, not really in the average Roman family (average roman family was typically conservative).