Chapter six.docx - The Scientific View of the World I....

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The Scientific View of the WorldI.IntroA.In the seventeenth century science became modern, communication and tech improved,people began to believe in scienceB.Science began to increasingly affect everythingC.The meaning of the word modern began to be linked to the idea of intellectSection 27: Prophets of a Scientific Civilization: Baconand DescartesI.Science before the seventeenth centuryA.Science became a characteristic of the elite european society whereas before it had beencharacterized by a select few isolated freethinkersB.There was a great deal of skepticism but generally science before the seventeenth centurywas filled with superstitionC.There was an overwhelming fear of witches coinciding with the religious warsD.Science provided an answer to the questions of skepticsII.Bacon and DescartesA.Both addressed doubts of the day from the basis of knowing nothing and working up,they began the shift from deductive reasoning to inductive reasoning.B.These two offered a constructive solution, and argued the only real knowledge was that ofa scientific natureC.Francis Bacon1.“Great Renewal”-insisting on an inductive method2.Put aside traditional idealD.“Advancement of learning” knowledge is useful “New Atlantis”, true knowledge couldbe put to workE.As Bacon was Lord Chancellor of England, he was too busy to influence scienceF.Descartes created algebraic graphing and geometryG.He wrote “Discourse on method” advancing systematic doubt1.Cartesian dualism held that god had a dual nature: thinking substance andextended substance2.Space is infinite and geometricH.Mathematics gave us extended substanceI.Descartes also believed in useful knowledge and human progress
Section 28: The Road to Newton: The law of UniversalGravitationI.Scientific AdvancesA.

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