PHIL 1 - Plato's Republic Book IV pp 116-139 Plato's...

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Plato’s Republic Book IV, pp. 116-139 Plato’s Republic Books VI and VII, pp. 203-217 A. The end of Plato’s Republic Book IV starts out with Socrates discussing with Adeimantus the necessities in creating a perfect society and State. Socrates explains that in order to do so, the city needs to be comprised of four virtues which he believes are wisdom, courage, temperance, and justice. Wisdom is first as Socrates explains that every counsel member comes with a diverse set of knowledge that is crucial in creating an all-knowing State that is best for the whole society. Courage is the second virtue that is important for those who will be sent out by the State to fight for their city. Temperance and Justice are the last two virtues that are upheld by not just counsel members but by every individual citizen to better its society as a whole. Socrates then explains that each individual has the “same three principles in his own soul” (p.126) as those “which are found in the State” (p.126), which are the love of knowledge, truth,
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