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Chapter 20: Dissent, Depression, and War, 1890-1900Chapter 21: Progressivism from the Grassroots to the White House, 1890-1916Chapter 22: World War I: The Progressive Crusade at Home and Abroad, 1914-1920Study GuideIdentifications1. Farmer’s Alliance:Organization developed in the 1870s and 1880s that united farmers at the statewide and regional levels. Policy goals of this organization included more readily available farm credits and federal regulation of the railroads. Their main goal was the quality of life for farmers and they worked for this through political and other means. This was the organization that came from the grange, but was more organized and politically centric.2. Populist Party: Formed in 1892 by members of the Farmers’ Alliance, this party was designed to appeal to workers in all parts of the country. The Populist Party was the progressive farmer centric party that took the U.S. by storm politically for their strongly progressive views. Populists favored a larger role of government in American society, a progressive income tax, and more direct methods of democracy. They were led by William Jennings Bryan, a very religious, southern lawyer, he famously made the cross of gold speech. Their main focus was more farmers rights, and switching the U.S. currency to silver.3. Homestead Strike: The Homestead Strike was a fight began on June 30, 1892, between men of the union and Carnegie Steel. Carnegie Steel sent men from the Pinkerton Company to deal with the strikers. It got violent and union men were hurt, this became a symbol for how large companies treated the workers.4. 19thAmendment: The Nineteenth Amendment was one of the most important amendmentsin the U.S. as it liberated half of the U.S. population. It was introduced by Senator Aaron A. Sargent in 1878 and pushed forward by the suffragists. It was ratified on August 18, 1920, and granted women the right to vote. This was a huge improvement for the rights of women and people in the U.S. in general.5. Open Door Policy:Policy proposed by John Hay and supported by the United States beginning in 1899 that stated that all major powers, including the United States, should have an equal right to trade with China. The Open Door Policy was a large scale international plan that the U.S. created that affected all of China. It was the most progressive policy that a western power enacted in mainland China. The Open Door Policy was something that showed that the U.S. was willing to take control over a situation even when other large powers were in play.
6. Roosevelt Corollary:Policy issued in 1904 by Theodore Roosevelt that warned Europeansagainst intervening in the affairs of Latin America and that claimed the right of the United States to intervene in the affairs of Latin American nations if “chronic wrongdoing” was taking place. The Roosevelt Corollary was to follow up to the Monroe Doctrine, which was an old but strong policy about imperialism of western powers. This was a proclamation that the U.S. wouldtake a stand for what they thought of as the American half of the world.