Exam 1.docx - Brittany Jacobs Intro to American Government...

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Brittany Jacobs Intro to American Government Exam #1 Section I. Essay Directions: Write on the following question, explaining your position as thoroughly and as completely as possible, using examples from notes and readings. Use your mind and take your time, in short, be brilliant! (20 total points) Remember that a detailed response is the key to a successful essay answer . Essay Question #1: Compare the U.S. Constitution with the Articles of Confederation, describing each system’s governmental structure (see the number and types of “branches”). What were some of the strengths and weaknesses of each system, and, in your opinion, why was the Constitution eventually "chosen" over the Articles? The U.S. Constitution and the Articles of Confederation are significantly different, but also contain similar ideas to one another. The United States has operated under both these documents; however, the Articles of Confederation was first operated. This document was ratified by the state of Maryland in 1781. Now a days, our government system is currently operated under the U.S. Constitution. The Articles of Confederation focused more on the states than the nation. When this document was in place, there were no federal courts and the states were to enforce the laws. Because of this congress consisted of only one branch and every state were to get one vote. Congress during this time had a specific set of powers and each state’s government dealt directly with their people. The U.S. Constitution focused on the nation instead of just the states. The authority of the country is divided between the states and the central government. Congress now consists of two branches, the representatives and senates. The number of representatives in the house is determined by a state's population, larger states have more representatives. To make it fair to every state, each state gets two senators regardless of the population. In order an amendment to get approved, there needs to
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