budget-2018-en.pdf - Her Majesty the Queen in Right of...

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Unformatted text preview: ©Her Majesty the Queen in Right of Canada (2018) All rights reserved All requests for permission to reproduce this document or any part thereof shall be addressed to the Department of Finance Canada. For more information, please contact Service Canada at 1 800 O-Canada (1-800-622-6232) TTY: 1-800-926-9105 Cat No.: F1-23/3E-PDF ISSN: 1719-7740 This document is available on the Internet at Cette publication est aussi disponible en français. Table of Contents INTRODUCTION ............................................................................................. 9 ECONOMIC AND FISCAL OVERVIEW........................................................ 21 CHAPTER 1 - GROWTH................................................................................ 29 More Help for the Middle Class and People Working Hard to Join It ............... 32 Introducing the Canada Workers Benefit ....................................................... 32 Improving Access to the Canada Workers Benefit ............................. 34 Strengthening the Canada Child Benefit ....................................................... 35 Improving Access to the Canada Child Benefit and Other Benefits ....................................................................................... 36 Enhancing the Wage Earner Protection Program ........................................ 37 A More Secure Retirement ................................................................................ 37 Protecting Canadians’ Pensions ............................................................... 39 Building More Rental Housing for Canadian Families ................................... 39 Equality in the Workforce ...................................................................................... 41 Addressing the Gender Wage Gap ................................................................ 42 Progress Toward Equal Pay for Equal Work ............................................. 43 Pay Transparency ........................................................................................ 44 Supporting Equal Parenting and the Flexibility for Earlier Returns to Work............................................................................................. 45 More Accessible and Affordable Early Learning and Child Care ...... 50 Children in the House and Parental Leave for Parliamentarians ........ 52 Supporting Community Women’s Organizations .......................................... 53 A National Conversation on Gender Equality With Young Canadians .... 54 Engaging Men and Boys to Promote Gender Equality ................................ 54 Evidence-Based Policy ....................................................................................... 54 Skills for Tomorrow’s Economy.............................................................................. 56 Canada Summer Jobs 2019–20 ........................................................................ 56 Improving the Quality of Career Information and Program Results ........... 56 Making Employment Insurance More Responsive and Effective ............... 56 Improving Access to the Canada Learning Bond ........................................ 58 Labour Market Transfer Agreements ............................................................... 58 Progress on Lifelong Learning............................................................................ 59 Helping Women Enter and Succeed in the Trades ....................................... 60 Pre-Apprenticeship Program ............................................................................. 61 Women in Construction Fund .................................................................... 61 1 Getting Into and Staying in the Workforce and Career Pathways for Visible Minority Newcomer Women in Canada ............................................ 62 Helping Vulnerable People Access Government Funding .......................... 62 Investing in Skills for the Future .......................................................................... 63 Horizontal Skills Review ................................................................................ 64 Strengthening and Diversifying Trade .................................................................. 64 Modernizing the North American Free Trade Agreement ........................... 64 Europe ............................................................................................................ 65 Asia-Pacific ................................................................................................... 65 Pursuing New Markets......................................................................................... 66 Ensuring Rules-Based and Responsible Trade ................................................ 67 A Fair Tax System for All Canadians .................................................................... 68 Cracking Down on Tax Evasion and Combatting Tax Avoidance ............ 68 Combatting Aggressive International Tax Avoidance ................................. 70 Holding Passive Investments Inside a Private Corporation .......................... 72 Closing Tax Loopholes ........................................................................................ 77 CHAPTER 2 – PROGRESS ............................................................................. 81 Investing in Canadian Scientists and Researchers ............................................ 85 Supporting the Next Generation of Research and Researchers ................ 86 Granting Councils ............................................................................................... 88 Canada Research Chairs .................................................................................. 89 Research Support ................................................................................................ 90 Investing in the Equipment Researchers Need— Canada Foundation for Innovation................................................................. 90 Harnessing Big Data ............................................................................................ 92 Leveraging the Full Potential of Business-Academia Collaboration .......... 93 Stronger and More Collaborative Federal Science ........................................... 96 Innovation and Skills Plan—A More Client-Focused Federal Partner for Business ................................................................................ 100 Innovation Canada – Accelerated Growth Service .................................. 102 The Creation of Four Flagship Platforms ........................................................ 102 Placing Evidence at the Centre of Program Evaluation and Design ...... 107 Expanding Access to Entrepreneurship in Canada .................................... 110 A New Women Entrepreneurship Strategy ........................................... 110 Advancing Women Business Leaders .................................................... 113 Expanding the Diversity of Entrepreneurs .............................................. 114 Making it Easier for Entrepreneurs and Companies to Do Business.......... 115 A New Intellectual Property Strategy ..................................................... 116 Modernizing Canada’s Regulatory Frameworks.................................. 118 Simpler and Better Procurement ............................................................. 119 2 Supporting the Rural Economy ....................................................................... 120 Developing the Next Generation of Rural Broadband....................... 120 Supporting Early-Stage Mineral Exploration by Junior Companies... 120 Protecting Jobs in Eastern Canada’s Forestry Sector ......................... 121 Renewing Canada’s Network of Small Craft Harbours ...................... 121 CHAPTER 3 – RECONCILIATION ............................................................... 125 Achieving Better Results for Indigenous Peoples.............................................. 130 Ensuring That Indigenous Children Are Safe and Supported Within Their Communities ............................................................. 130 Clean and Safe Drinking Water on Reserve ................................................. 131 Indigenous Skills and Employment Training Program .................................. 132 Support for Distinctions-Based Housing Strategies....................................... 133 Indigenous Health: Keeping Families Healthy in Their Communities ........ 133 Supporting Inuit Priorities .................................................................................. 135 Supporting Métis Nation Priorities ................................................................... 135 Increased Health Supports for Survivors of Indian Residential Schools and Their Families .............................................................................................. 136 Supporting the Gord Downie & Chanie Wenjack Fund ............................. 136 Creating a More Responsive Income Assistance Program That Addresses the Needs of First Nations Communities............................ 137 Supporting Indigenous History and Heritage................................................ 137 Indigenous Sport ................................................................................................ 137 Supporting the Expansion of the First Nations Land Management Act and the Successful Participation of First Nations Under the Act ....... 138 Renewing the Matrimonial Real Property Implementation Support Program ............................................................................................... 139 Rights and Self-Determination ............................................................................ 139 Supporting the Recognition and Implementation of Rights and Self-Determination ................................................................................... 140 Helping Indigenous Nations Reconstitute ..................................................... 141 Permanent Bilateral Mechanisms ................................................................... 141 New Fiscal Relationship: Strengthening First Nations Institutions and Community Capacity .............................................................................. 142 New Fiscal Relationship: Collaborating With Self-Governing Indigenous Governments ................................................................................ 143 Strengthening Indigenous Data and Research Capability ....................... 143 CHAPTER 4 – ADVANCEMENT ................................................................. 147 Part 1: Canada’s Natural Legacy ....................................................................... 149 A Clean Environment for Future Generations .............................................. 149 Protecting Canada’s Nature, Parks and Wild Spaces................................ 149 3 Protecting Marine Life ...................................................................................... 150 Establishing Better Rules to Protect the Environment and Grow the Economy .................................................................................. 151 Pricing Carbon Pollution and Supporting Clean Growth ........................... 151 Adapting Canada’s Weather and Water Services t o Climate Change ............................................................................................ 154 Extending Tax Support for Clean Energy....................................................... 155 Part 2: Canada and the World ............................................................................ 156 Advancing Gender Equality Around the World .......................................... 156 Additional Support for the Feminist International Assistance Policy ........................................................................................ 159 Protecting Vulnerable Women and Girls ............................................... 159 Enhancing Transparency in Canada’s International Assistance Programming ..................................................................................................... 161 Implementing the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development............... 163 Part 3: Upholding Shared Values ........................................................................ 167 Supporting the Health and Wellness of Canadians .................................... 167 Addressing the Opioid Crisis..................................................................... 167 Advisory Council on the Implementation of National Pharmacare ............................................................................... 172 A Community-Based Approach to Dementia ..................................... 173 Supporting a Healthy Seniors Pilot Project in New Brunswick ............. 173 Expanding Eligibility Under the Thalidomide Survivors Contribution Program ............................................................................... 174 Support for Canadians Impacted by Autism Spectrum Disorder ..... 174 Expanding the Medical Expense Tax Credit for Psychiatric Service Dogs ........................................................................... 175 Improving Compliance with the Canada Health Act ........................ 175 Taking Action to Reduce Smoking ................................................................. 175 Renewing and Enhancing the Federal Tobacco Control Strategy ......................................................................................... 176 Tobacco Taxation ...................................................................................... 176 Cannabis Taxation, Regulation and Public Protection: Legalizing Cannabis in 2018 ............................................................................ 177 Cannabis Taxation ..................................................................................... 177 Cannabis Public Education ..................................................................... 178 Support for Canada’s Veterans ..................................................................... 179 Cemetery and Grave Maintenance ..................................................... 180 Better Services for Veterans ..................................................................... 181 Supporting Canada’s Heritage and Cultural Diversity ............................... 181 Supporting Canada’s Official Languages ............................................ 181 Strengthening Multiculturalism and Addressing the Challenges Faced by Black Canadians................................................ 182 4 Investing in Canadian Content ............................................................... 183 Supporting Local Journalism .................................................................... 183 More Women and Girls in Sport .............................................................. 184 Supporting ParticipACTION ...................................................................... 184 Supporting Special Olympics ................................................................... 184 Revitalizing National Capital Commission Assets ................................. 185 A New Partnership Between Library and Archives Canada and the Ottawa Public Library ................................................................ 185 Supporting the Canadian Museum for Human Rights ........................ 185 Good Governance ........................................................................................... 186 A New Process for Federal Election Leaders’ Debates....................... 186 Upholding the Integrity of Canada’s Elections .................................... 186 Renewing and Modernizing Statistics Canada .................................... 186 Improving Client Services at the Canada Revenue Agency ............ 188 Clarifying the Rules on Political Activities by Charities ........................ 189 Stabilizing and Future Transformation of the Federal Government’s Pay Administration (Phoenix) ......................... 190 Improving Service Delivery .............................................................................. 191 Predictable Funding for Employment Insurance Service Delivery .... 192 Employment Insurance Call Centre Accessibility ................................ 192 Part 4: Security and Access to Justice ............................................................... 193 Access to Justice ............................................................................................... 193 Expanding Unified Family Courts............................................................. 194 Combatting Gender-Based Violence and Harassment ............................ 196 National Human Trafficking Hotline ........................................................ 197 Taking Action to Prevent and Address Gender-Based Violence, Harassment and Discrimination ............................................................... 198 Addressing Corporate Integrity ...................................................................... 202 A Strong Sanctions Regime ............................................................................. 202 Ensuring Security and Prosperity in the Digital Age ..................................... 203 Improving Cyber Security ......................................................................... 203 Enabling Digital Services to Canadians ........................................................ 206 Enhancing the Security of Taxpayer Information ........................................ 206 Investment Canada Act—National Security Review of Foreign Investments .......................................................................................... 207 Safeguarding the Integrity of Our Public Safety System ............................ 207 Supporting Those Who Keep Our Communities Safe ................................. 209 Support to Address Post-Traumatic Stress Injuries for Public Safety Officers ................................................................................ 209 Supporting Mental Health for RCMP Police Officers ........................... 210 Further Improving Mental Health Supports for Inmates .............................. 210 5 Reopening the Penitentiary Farms at Joyceville and Collins Bay Institutions ....................................................................................... 210 Borders and Migration ...................................................................................... 211 Strengthening the Canada Border Services Agency ......................... 211 Irregular Migration: Managing the Border............................................. 211 Safeguarding Canadians With an Enhanced Passenger Protect Program ......................................................................................... 212 Protecting Air Travellers ............................................................................. 212 Protecting Temporary Foreign Workers .................................................. 212 CHAPTER 5 – EQUALITY ............................................................................ 217 Budget 2018’s Gender Results Framework ........................................................ 217 Canada’s Commitment to Gender Budgeting ................................................. 219 Education and Skills Development ................................................................ 222 Economic Participation and Prosperity ......................................................... 225 Leadership and Democratic Participation ................................................... 229 Gender-Based Violence and Access to Justice.......................................... 233 Poverty Reduction, Health and Well-Being .................................................. 23...
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