exam 1 SG.docx - PHARM STUDY GUIDE 1 1 Study Guide for Exam 1 This exam 1 includes chapters 1 2 of Abram's Clinical Drug Therapy and chapters 1 2 of ATI

exam 1 SG.docx - PHARM STUDY GUIDE 1 1 Study Guide for Exam...

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PHARM STUDY GUIDE 1Study Guide for Exam 1 – PharmacotherapeuticsThis exam 1 includes chapters 1 & 2 of Abram's Clinical Drug Therapy, and chapters 1 & 2 of ATI RN Pharmacology for Nursing Edition 7.0 Content Mastery Series, and the corresponding unit conversion found in ATI or under file on canvas.Here’s the study guide in random order. Good luck!1.Know the key terms, specifically at the beginning of each chapters. Example- what is Pharmacotherapeutics, pharmacology, pharmacogenomics, genetic engineering, etc.a.Pharmacotherapy- the use of drugs to prevent, diagnose, or treat signs, symptoms, and disease processes.b.Pharmacology- study of drugs and their actions/effects on living organisms.c.Pharmacogenomics- study of how a person’s genetic heritage leads to variable responses to drugs; more generally refers to genetic polymorphisms that occur in a patient population, such as an ethnic group, as opposed to an individual person.d.Geneticengineering-The deliberate modification of the characteristics of an organism by manipulating its genetic material.e.Biotechnology- process that may involve manipulating deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) and ribonucleic acid (RNA) and recombining genes into hybrid molecules that can be insertedinto living organisms and repeatedly producedf.Controlledsubstances- drugs that are categorized by federal law according to therapeutic usefulness and potential for abuse; scheduled drugs.g.OTC drugs- medications available for purchase without a prescriptionh.Pharmacoeconomics- costs of drug therapy, including costs of purchasing, dispensing, storage, administration, and laboratory and other tests used to monitor patient responses; also considers losses due to expiration.i.Placebo- inert substance containing no medication and given to reinforce a person’s expectation to improvej.Prescription drugs- medications that are ordered in writing by a licensed health care provider k.Absorption- process that occurs from the time a drug enters the body to the time it enters the bloodstream to be circulatedl.Agonist- drug that produces effects similar to those produced by naturally occurring hormones, neurotransmitters, and other substancesm.Antagonist- drug that inhibits cell function by occupying receptor sitesn.Antidote- substance that relieves, prevents, or counteracts the effect of a poisono.Bioavailability- portion of a drug that reaches the systemic circulation and is available to act on body cells.p.Biotransformation- when drugs are altered from their original form into a new from by the body; metabolismq.Distribution- transport of drug molecules within the body; after a drug is injected or absorbed into the bloodstream it is carried by the blood and tissue fluids to its sites of action, metabolism, excretionr.Enterohepatic recirculation- drugs or metabolites that are excreted in bile, reabsorbed from the small intestine, returned to the liver, metabolized, and eventually excreted in urine1
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PHARM STUDY GUIDE 1s.Enzyme induction
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  • Spring '14
  • AnneC.Dahnke
  • Nursing, Pharmacology, Food and Drug Administration, Drug Enforcement Agency, clinical drug therapy, Pharm Study Guide

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