art history review 2

art history review 2 - Nicola Pisano Nativity and Fortitude...

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Nicola Pisano, Nativity and Fortitude , Pulpit of Pisa Baptistery, Early Italian Renaissance, Pisa, 1259 – 1260 pg. 203-204 VOCABULARY Nicola Pisano : carved marble reliefs and ornament for large pulpits such as Nativity and Fortitude for the Pulpit of Pisa. Some elements of the pulpit’s design carried on medieval traditions, but Nicola incorporated classical elements into the design. Trefoil arches : three small arches combined to make a larger arch Phaedra Sarcophagus : PULPIT OF PISA NATIVITY -Virgin is reclining, this becomes very popular in depictions of the nativity -Is inspired by Classical relief sculpture FORTITUDE -Marble sculpture of Daniel -Controversy over the nude display of Daniel -Reminds us of Doryphorus Giotto, Expulsion of Joachim , Nativity , Lamentation , Arena Chapel frescoes, Early Italian Renaissance, Padua, 1303 – 1305 pg. 205- 207 VOCABULARY Giotto : a naturalistic approach, based on observation, believed that his true teacher was nature Enrico Scrovegni : the wealthy banker who commissioned the Arena Chapel and hired Giotto to paint it
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Marian Cycle (Life of the Virgin) : life of the virgin before giving birth to the Christ, her childhood and youth Passion Cycle : the most dramatic scenes of the life of Christ Cimabue : painted “Madonna Enthroned with Angels and Prophets” which bridged between Byzantine art and a new kind of art that uses 3 deminsions and shadows – presummed to be Giotto’s teacher Fresco: buon fresco : fresco secco : painting on lime plaster, either dry (dry fresco or fresco secco) or wet (true or buon fresco). In the latter method, the pigments are mixed with water and become chemically bound to the freshly laid lime plaster. Also, a painting executed using either method. Giornata : Italian “day” the section of plaster that a fresco painter expects to complete in one day Grisaille : a monochrome painting done mainly in neutral grays to stimulate sculpture, in the lowest part of the chapel, used on the virtues and vices to make it look like a marble relief sculpture Vasari : ARENA CHAPEL -Chapel unified by bands over the ceiling that connects the scenes -The color blue unifies the whole chapel -In the vault are medallions framing Christ and the Virgin -The central medallions are framed evangelists and prophets -In the lowest part of the chapel there are representations of virtues and vices -The narrative starts on the top right register EXPULSION OF JOACHIM -The first painting is the Expulsion of Joachim who is the father of the virgin -Joachim’s lamb is not a worthy sacrifice because he does not have children -Joachim is old so it does not look like it is possible to have children -Contrast between Joachim being expelled and the young boy inside the temple being accepted. -Giotto uses facial expressions to control drama -Joachim looks hurt and humbled -The priest looks upset -Giotto also uses body language and hand gestures to convey drama -Naturalistic modeling of faces and clothing -Another scene conveys the reuniting of Joachim and Anna THE NATIVITY
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