hist 373 notes

hist 373 notes - HIST 373 Jan 12 2007 Allies British and...

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HIST 373 Jan. 12, 2007 Allies – British and French at the time of Blitzkrieg. - Poland was the ideal testing ground for Blitzkrieg o Lightning Campaign 9-1-1939 to 9-17-1939 o Soviet Stabbed Poland in the back o Slow French Response - Stalin was not persuaded by allies to join their side so he sided with Hitler. This made it possible for Hitler to invade Poland. - After Polish defeat, many Polish fighters escaped and came to help in the D- Day invasion. - Siztkrieg (sitting war) September 1940 to April 1941 (nothing happened) - Fins put up a heroic resistance 5 million Fins against 150 million Soviets. - Finnish Campaign (in the meantime) 1939 to March 1940 - Campaign - Consequences - Soviet demands, Finnish rejections - Campaign (don’t pick on a nation of skiers and hunters) - Danish 7 Norwegian Campaign, 4-9-1940 - Military Implications - Fall of France 5-10-1940 to 6-25-1940 - Myth of the German masses (hordes) - Low countries feint (ruse de guerre) - Holland and Belgium - German pilot got off track landed in Belgium with Hitler’s invasion plan. Belgium gave info to allies and they planned their defense on this, but the Germans changed their plans. - Center Stroke - Arras and Gembloux - Guderian came up with new plan for attacking France and went through the Ardennes. Rudolph got Guderian the interview with Hitler to introduce new plan and Hitler went for it. - While German troops stopped outside of Dunkirk, British and French troops escaped by motorboats, and any means necessary. This helped save a major loss in their armies and start rebuilding. - Operation Sea Lion was German’s attempt to take over Great Britain. - Marshal Goring promised Hitler that he could defeat Britain through the air. They balanced their power in the air. - German attacks on British fighter air fields 8-14-1940 - Lure of the City, 9-3-1940 - Germans heavily bombed London thinking that Britain would give up if London was lost. Relief for London on Oct. 1 st - Germans continued bombing Britain while moving on to the Soviet Union.
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January 17, 2007 - Italians widen the war in North Africa o British victories in Eretria and Tripoli o British switch to Greece, Jan. 1941 - German invasions of the Balkans and Greece o British forced from Salonika o Battle of Crete, finished May 1941 Air power vs. Sea power o Strategic consequences - Britain defeated the Italians in North Africa, all the way back to Tripoli o They would have destroyed their entire army if it weren’t for Churchill pulling back o In February of 1941, The Germans sent Erwin Rommel into North Africa to help the Italians. British Summer offensive Rommel’s counterattack to Egypt Clearly outnumbered and overpowered by British but still pulled out a victory Rommel was a master general, kept up to date with his men, would drive up to frontline to talk to men to make sure they were getting it right.
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