AmPr Ch6 Notes.docx - American Promise Ch 6 British Empire...

This preview shows page 1 - 3 out of 5 pages.

American Promise Ch. 6: British Empire and the Colonial Crisis (1754-1775)Thomas Hutchinson: loyalist; royal governor Mass.; tremendous wealth and power; unconditional support for British empire; promoted a plan of union (with limited govt. to keep British and colonial interests aligned); supported the imposed taxesoThe problem he didn’t realize: colonists were being deprived of their traditional English libertiesLoyalist Hutchinson and patriot Samuel Adams agreed it was unwise for Britain to assert a right to taxation because Parliament did not adequately represent Americans.oHutchinson was obligated to uphold policy while Adams protestedFirst half 18thcentury: Britain at war with France and Spain on and ofSeven Years War/French and Indian War (1754-1763): Britain v. France; high war expenses major contributing factor to revolutionoFrench generally had good relations/alliances with IndiansSpecialized in beaver furOhio Company: Lawrence and Augustine Washington; infringed upon French territory; interested in land speculation – fueled by population expansionoTerritory tension  French forts (as trade route security and western barrier)oDinwiddie dispatched George Washington to warn French that they were trespassing on Virginia landSudden massacre – Washington violated Dinwiddie’s instructionsBuilt makeshift Fort Necessity – attacked by French soldiers (showed that the French wouldn’t leave the disputed territory)Broken alliance between Mohawks and BritishAlbany Congress: to repair trade relations with Indians; Iroquois Confederacy attended with colonial delegatesoAlbany Plan of Union: Benjamin Franklin (Penn.) and Thomas Hutchinson coauthored; proposed unified but limited govt. with president and councilNever supported by the British; instead  appointed 2 superintendents of Indian afairs (1 for north and south colonies)Centralized control of Indian policy and decentered policy role of colonial assembliesNot really supported by Indians either; hesitant to support BritishIroquois thought that the French around the Great Lakes would discourage westward push of colonists – to benefit them
General Edward Braddock: army toward Fort Duquesne, western Penn.French had an advantage: enlisted many Indian tribesWilliam Pitt: prime minister of Britain committed massive resources to fight oCaptured Fort Duquesne, Niagra, Ticonderoga, Quebec, MontrealoBelieved that colonial smuggling (beaver pelts, illegal molasses)

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture