Final Exam Study Guide.pdf - FINAL EXAM STUDY GUIDE COGSCI...

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FINAL EXAM STUDY GUIDE- COGSCI 200 WINTER 2018 ATTENTION Implements algorithms that enhance the quality of processing of the stimuli that are targeted Targeted stimuli → “spotlight of attention” Overt attention: where the subject is directing their senses Ex. where the pupils are pointed Covert attention: what one is interested in, engaged with Set of mental processes that selectively enhance targeted stimuli Early selection theories Only perceive things you’re directly paying attention to Can’t explain cocktail party name effect Late selection theories Perceive many different stimuli, but selection certain ones for higher processing/response selection Can’t explain poor reporting of unattended channel in dichotic listening tasks Illustrations of voluntary attention Cocktail party effect: voluntary focus on different voices, switch back and forth at will

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