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Running head: REFLECTION ESSAY Discussion Essay: Assessment Tools and Diagnostic Tests in Adults and Children(Prostate-specific antigen (PSA) test)NameInstitutional Affiliation
DISCUSSION ESSAY2Assessment Tools and Diagnostic Tests in Adults and Children (Prostate-specific antigen(PSA) test)The prostate-specific antigen (PSA) test is described as the process of screening for prostate cancer although it has high false-positive rate. In addition, the test results in prostate biopsies that is unnecessary and prostate cancer over diagnosis. Therefore, in this paper we will review the factors that affect the reliability and validity of various assessment and diagnostic tests. Additionally, we will discuss validity, reliability and issues concerning sensitivity, specificity, predictive values, ethical dilemmas and their controversies. Lastly, we will demonstrate how the PSA is used in healthcare.Firstly, the PSA screens prostate cancer and it’s largely commended for prostate cancer reduction in the last decades. The test involves measuring the amount of prostate-specific antigen (PSA) in your blood. It is a form of protein that is positioned below a man’s bladder and it’s responsible for production of cancerous and non-cancerous tissues. The test can detect high