CulturalAnth.1

CulturalAnth.1 - 1/14/08 Anthropology Field or discipline 4...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–4. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
1/14/08 Anthropology Field or discipline 4 major subfields o archaeology o biological anthropology – involves lab work, analyze archaeologist finds, analyze the spread of diseases, study living people (analyzing hormones in pregnant women…) o linguistics – technical study of language and communication. o cultural anthropology – focus on living and existing societies. Trying to describe human behavior at a large societal level. Usually small scale societies mid 1800s that the field of anthropology emerged as an academic discipline early cultural anthropologists coined the term culture Terms Culture (2 definitions) o Old definition: the system of learned beliefs and customs that characterize the total way of life for a particular society Fails to capture the changing qualities of culture Every individual contributes to the changes in their culture o Newer definition: culture is the acquired knowledge that people use to interpret their world and generate social behavior Culture is the knowledge that’s interpreted to construct behavior Interpret - Highlights the importance of meaning Acquired – enforces that culture is learned Culture is a adapted – coping with the natural and social environment Culture is arbitrary – no inherent meaning in
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
actions and objects. Ascribe meaning to a particular object or action Ethnography o Detailed description of a particular society o Product of field work o Sets anthropology apart from other social sciences Participant-observation o Primary methodology o Participating in the society – having conversations with people, observing events, doing interviews – and observing the society o Usually involves long-term research Informants/consultants o The people talked to and interviewed o Seen as a teacher to the anthropologist as a student Methodology o How you go about collecting your data and conducting your research Emic/etic o Emic perspective is primary goal – an insiders view o Emic perspectives are multiple perspectives o Etic perspectives are outsiders perspectives – people not a part of the society. Used to support and enhance what the anthropologists learn Values Plasticity Ethnocentrism 1/23/08 Africa (Return to Laughter) Used a pen name out of embarrassment The beginning of field work Have to deal with things they’re not used to Receive gifts with both hands cupped Give high praise when receiving a gift about how
Background image of page 2
wonderful it is Have a skepticism of generosity and good acts Enculturation – returns to childlike state, lack of autonomy Distance – “not far” and “very far” indicated a social distance Time – live by moons and by seasons (season of yams, hungry season, etc.) Sleep – 7 to 8 hours of interrupted sleep was lost on the tiv, would wake up in the middle of the night to gossip as well as other activities Prolonged hiccups were a sign of witchcraft
Background image of page 3

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Image of page 4
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 03/24/2008 for the course ANTH 102 taught by Professor Lambert during the Spring '08 term at UNC.

Page1 / 12

CulturalAnth.1 - 1/14/08 Anthropology Field or discipline 4...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 4. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online