Lecture 3

Lecture 3 - Traditionalism emphasized – “Received...

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Lecture 3 “Modernity” is a set of related ideas and trends The complex of trends first became evident in 18 th century Europe and N. America Main characteristics of modernity Pursuit of a higher standard of living through the acquisition of material goods Establishment of science/technology as ways of understanding the world “Rationalization” of work, school, government… Important social impacts of modernity Technical specialization of work The rise of the “professions” as bodies of technical knowledge Emphasis on rapid communication Universal literacy Elaboration of education into many specialized levels Mass transportation to speed migration Rural areas to urban areas to find work Within urban areas to facilitate employment Encouragement of political democracy Individualistic economic and social ideologies Modernity vs. “traditionalism” (see Max Weber; Emile Durkheim)
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Unformatted text preview: Traditionalism emphasized – “Received knowledge” vs. science-based empirical knowledge Connections with the past vs. continual change in knowledge (“progress”) Inheritance of social status vs. earning one’s place through hard work and education Modernity vs. “Post-modernity” The post-modern perspective questions whether social organizations are organized on such rational principles older people were dominant – on the top of the social hierarchy Another prediction from modernity theory -- The trends accompanying modernism reduced the influence, power, and protectiveness of family bonds Why? Migration of younger workers Decline in parental influence Rise in the status of women (no longer available for caregiving)...
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