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C121 Survey of United States HistoryTask 2A.Partisan politics in the Early Republic rose due to the conflict between citizens about what they perceived America to be and how America would evolve. One issue was the formationof a centralized government and requiring adoption of the Constitution. Federalists believed a centralized government and Constitution would stabilize the nation. Antifederalists felt adopting the Constitution allocated to much power to a centralized government and would threaten the rights of the individual. They supported a state government. Secretary of Treasury, Alexander Hamilton was considered a threat to the people due to his preference of commercial welfare over cultivation. People believed he was weakening republican principals and formed the Democratic Republicans, also known as Antifederalists. Hamilton responded by forming another group, the Federalists. This split was in part initiated by the Whiskey Rebellion. Hamilton implemented a tax on whiskey to raise funds to clear debt America had accumulated in the American Revolution. The Antifederalists believed the tax was a precursor of the excessive power of centralized government and were outraged. The French Revolution cemented the party split. Antifederalists supported the French and their desire for western development. Federalists wanted to repair America’s relationship with England and therefor supported the English. The partisan separation continued to grow as each side vied for office and political authority. (Norton,2015).B. 1.The Democratic party believed the government should not be involved in business. Theywere concerned about the affect of government taxation on the people and supported a state
government. The Democratic party refused to interfere with Congress on issues of slavery and adopted a platform that condemned improvements at national expense. (Norton, 2015).The Whigs were the opposition to President Andrew Jackson and the Democratic party. They supported a large centralized government focused on commercial development. The Whigs felt the best way to grow, stimulate and stabilize the economy was to focus on economic growth in the east rather than western expansion. They planned to accomplish this through legislation