Research Ethics in Gerontology

Research Ethics in Gerontology - Research Ethics in...

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Research Ethics in Gerontology Why Is It Important to Discuss Research Ethics in Courses? ethics Public trust of research The Historical Context Nazi experiments on people in concentration camps during W.W. II Experiments were done under coercion Lives of some humans were devalued Resulted in the Nuremberg Code What impact did the Nuremberg Code have on the U.S.? For a long time, virtually no impact 1953-1954: the US National Institutes of health established an internal ethics review committee Yet, medical research was conducted without fully informed (or any) consent, on low status and vulnerable populations How Things Began to Change… 1960s: The thalidomide crisis: a tranquilizer having disastrous impact on fetal development 1962: Kefauver-Harris amendments to the Food, Drug, and Cosmetics Act requiring informed consent in experimental drug studies Also mandated empirical tests of drug effectiveness Abuses Came to Light… 1963: Elderly patients at Jewish Chronic Disease Hospital injected with cancer cells without their informed consent
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Research Ethics in Gerontology - Research Ethics in...

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