Development studies and ethics.pdf - CUU 101 DEVELOPMENT...

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CUU 101: DEVELOPMENT STUDIES AND ETHICS UNIT: DEVELOPMENT STUDIES AND ETHICS UNIT CODE: CUU 101
COURSE OVERVIEW Introduction This course aims to provide a self-contained introduction to development issues for general social scientists and to cover the preparatory material for more advanced development courses in the second and third years. On completion of this unit you will be able to demonstrate their knowledge of the meaning and measurement of development. Objectives By the end of this unit you should to: i. Demonstrate their knowledge of the meaning and measurement of development. ii. Understand why some countries are poor while others are not. TABLE OF CONTENTS LECTURE ONE: TITLE ................................................................................................ 4 Understanding Poverty .................................................................................................... 7 2.4: Poverty ................................................................................................................ 7 Measuring poverty - statistics and indicators .................................................................... 14 3.4.1 Measuring poverty - statistics and indicators ........................................ 14 3.4.2 People-centred development and sustainable development .................. 19 Development Aid .............................................................................................................. 22 4.4.2:Types of Aid ....................................................................................................... 22 Emergency aid ......................................................................................................... 22 Sources ......................................................................................................................... 23 Official Development Assistance (ODA) ............................................................... 23 Receiving aid ................................................................................................................ 23 Types ........................................................................................................................ 23
4.4.3: Improving aid effectiveness ............................................................................. 24 Conditionalities ....................................................................................................... 24 Cash aid versus in-kind aid .................................................................................... 24 Logistics ................................................................................................................... 24 Improving the economic efficiency of aid ............................................................. 24 Beyond aid ............................................................................................................... 25 LECTURE Five: Least Developed Coutries ..................................................................... 27 LECTURE Six: Rural Urban Migration ........................................................................... 32 GROUP DYNAMICS ....................................................................................................... 37 GROUP DECISION MAKING ........................................................................................ 40 LEADERSHIP .................................................................................................................. 45 ETHICS ............................................................................................................................. 50
LECTURE ONE: TITLE 1.1 Introduction This lesson introduces you to the concept of development. We will discuss the meaning of development , poverty in developing countries and the reasons why countries must develop. 1.3 Lecture Outline 1.3.1 Meaning of development 1.3.2 Objectives of development 1.4 Lecture While Humanity shares one planet it’s a planet in which there are two worlds. The world of he Rich and the world of the poor. (Also known as MDC’s and LDC’s). Most developed countries like the Western countries e.g Japan, Canada, Germany Italy, Britain, Russia, U.S.A France. More than three- quarters of the world countries live in LDC’s but they enjoy only 16% of the world’s income while the richest 20% have 85% of the globa l income. i.e. according to United Nations Development Programmes. Nature of Development Economics - Traditional - Political - Development Traditional Economics 1.2 Specific objectives: At the end of the lecture you should be able: 1) To understand the concept of development 2) to understand the problems facing least developed countries 3) to demonstrate why countries should accelerate the of development
It is concerned primarily with the efficient least-cost allocation with scarce productive resources and with the optimal growth of these resources over a period of time so as to produce an ever expanding range of goods and services. Political Economics Goes beyond traditional economics to study among other things the social and institutional processes through which certain groups of economic and political elites.

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