JAPAN.pdf - Hist 10 June 7th 17th Century 1600s Japan 1...

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Hist. 10 June 7 th 17 th Century / 1600’s Japan 1. Daimyo 1551AD 2. Oda Nobunoaga 1551-1582 3. Hideyoshi 1582-1598 4. Hideyori 1593-1615 5. Tokugawa Ieyasu 1598 6. Ishida Mitsunari 7. Sekigahara 1600 8. Adams 9. Shogua 1603 10. Shogunate 1603-1868 In the Japanese Feudal pyramid: 1) Emperorà they have had an emperor for more than 2,600 years. Japans monarchy is the longest lasting in history. 2) Shogun 3) Daimyo 4) Samurai 5) 95% 6) Bushido.
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o The first emperor was the GRANDSON OF THE SUN. All Japanese emperor claim to be descended from the Son. Early on in Japanese history, the emperor or empress lost her power. o The emperor has been a figure head with no real political, military or any power . o The emperor played no real role in Japanese history. o The SHOGUN WAS A HERIDATRY position. So, when a shogun died, the next son became the new shogun. The shogun claimed to rule on behalf of the emperor but in reality THE SHOGUN IS IN CHARGE. à the daimyo and the samurai come below him. o You must be born into a daimyo family or a samurai family , so, if you didn’t have the right birth you couldn’t become one. o Nobles had 2 names. Everyone else had one. Only nobles could carry weapons. The samurai and daimyo carried two swords. The nobles made up about 5% of the population . o The shogun and the daimyo helped run Japan. o The 3 islands were divided into 66 provinces . o There were 121 Daimyo in Japan. Each Daimyo ruled all or part of a province. à each daimyo was responsible to the shogun. The daimyo collected the taxes for the shogun, enforced the laws of the shogun, worked on projects for the shogun, built roads or harbors, the daimyo served in the army of the shogun . Daimyos were officers in the army and most of the soldiers were commoners. o The samurai fulfilled the same functions that the daimyo fulfilled for the shogun. The samurai would serve under the daimyo and they ruled tiny territories on behalf of the daimyo. o They all lived by the BUSHIDO CODE à the way of the warrior . o This code embodied certain ideals that all Japanese nobles hope to live up to. à Loyalty of all Japanese should be to the emperor. à the Japanese nobles should never betray their superior. à you were to never act cowardly in battle. à you were never supposed to allow
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yourself to be captured by an enemy. à if you did not act bravely in battle, you would be
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  • Fall '17
  • CALLHAN
  • japan, Samurai, Tokugawa shogunate, Tokugawa Ieyasu, Shogun, Daimyo

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