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Running head: WEEK 2 ASSIGNMENT - JUST WAR THEORY1Week 2 Assignment - Just War TheorySherman GeorgeAshford UniversityEthics & Homeland SecurityHSM 311Professor Karen DuffalaApril 10, 2018
WEEK 2 ASSIGNMENT - JUST WAR THEORY2Week 2 Assignment - Just War TheoryWhen you look at history there has been several factions, countries and people have tried to find ways to justify their actions when going to war by way of the "Just War theory". This is a concept that has been around for thousands of years and is still being used today. There are some Just War tenets that was theorized of St. Ambrose, Cicero and Saint Augustine that are used as a guide when making decisions even today concerning wars that may be fought tomorrow. This paper will focus on the St. Augustine Theory of Just War. To do this we must look back on its history to truly understand it. The Just War Theory root beginning came from Christian theology. It is St. Augustine that most see as being the first person to come up with the concept of war and justice. St. Augustine used the Bible to identify and determine that there are some wars that are necessary to eradicate evil. Later St. Augustine worked with St. Thomas Aquinas who revised theoriginal version. They did this by developing 3 bases for a Just War. These were: the war had to have a just cause, be called on with the right intentions, and should be waged by a legitimate authority. The Just War Theory was created as a standard of rules to be used during military combat. The jus ad bellum provides the moral justification to go to war, and the jus in bello express the moral conducted to be used during war. Although there are several tenets to the Just War Theory provided by St. Augustine, these are the four I believe to be the most vital:1. Last ResortThis means that at military action of war should only be utilized as a last resort. The Just War should never be an option until all peaceful resolutions has been exhausted.