Civil RIghts_.docx - Reconstruction Amendments 13th Amendment(1865 Banned slavery 14th Amendment(1868 Equal protection of the law 15th Amendment(1870 No

Civil RIghts_.docx - Reconstruction Amendments 13th...

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Reconstruction Amendments 13th Amendment (1865) Banned slavery 14th Amendment (1868) Equal protection of the law 15th Amendment (1870) No racial discrimination in voting Plessy v. Ferguson (1896) Homer Plessy (7/8ths white, 1/8th black) boarded a train in New Orleans and sat in the “whites only” car. Plessy was arrested when he refused to sit in “colored car”. Separate But Equal Doctrine Plessy upheld the LA law; separate but equal facilities for blacks did not violate the Equal Protection Clause. By 1914 every Southern state had passed “Jim Crow” laws that created two separate societies. The Lone Dissenter in Plessy Justice John Harlan showed foresight “Separate but Equal Schools” NAACP Head of NAACP legal defense team (main attorney in Brown case) Early Strategy: Graduate Schools The Doll Test Brown vs. Board of Education (1954) Combined cases from states.
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