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pyschology notes test 3

pyschology notes test 3 - Chapter 6 Methodical behavorists...

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Chapter 6 Methodical behavorists- study only the events they can measure and observe Radical behaviorists- deny that hunger fear or any other internal private event causes behavior Stimulus response psychology- the attempt to explain behavior in terms of how each stimulus triggers a response Skinner- first and most famous behaviorist Unconditioned reflexes- between a stimulus such as food and a response such as secreting digestive juices Classical conditioning(Pavlovian Conditioning)- process by which an organism learns a new association between tow paired stimuli; a neutral stimulus and one that already evokes a reflexive response Unconditioned stimulus- an event that consistently elicits an unconditional response Unconditioned response- an action that the unconditioned stimulus automatically elicits Conditioned stimulus- response depends on the preceding conditions Conditioned response- what response the conditioned stimulus begins to elicit as a result of the conditioning Acquisition- process that establishes or strengthens a conditioned response Extinction- to extinguish a classically conditioned response, repeatedly present the conditioned stimulus with the unconditioned stimulus Spontaneous recovery- temporary return of an extinguished response after a delay Stimulus generalization- extension of a conditioned response from the training stimulus to similar stimuli Discriminate- respond differently to the two stimuli because they predicted different outcomes Drug tolerance- users of certain drugs experience progressively weaker effects after taking the drugs repeatedly Blocking effect- previously established association to one stimulus blocks the formation of an association to the added stimulus Learning curve- graph of the changes in behavior that occur over the course of learning Reinforcement- even that increases the future probability of the most recent response Thorndike Law of effect- of several responses made to the same situation those which are accompanied or closely followed by satisfaction to firmly connected with the situation so that when it recurs they will be more likely to recur Operant conditioning(instrumental conditioning)- process of changing behavior by following a response with reinforcement Visceral response- response of internal organs Skeletal responses- movement of leg muscles, arm muscles etc.
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