Socialization.ppt - Socialization The Process of Fitting...

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Socialization The Process of Fitting into Society
What is Socialization? Had you been born in another time, in another place, you might speak a different language, salute a different flag, and celebrate a different religion. The language, values, and beliefs we all have are passed down to us through the process of socialization.
Socialization Socialization is the process that teaches the norms , values , and other aspects of a culture to new group members. Socialization theory claims that the person we become is the result of our environment .
Talcott Parsons & Socialization According to sociologist Talcott Parsons , socialization requires people to learn and internalize society’s values . We accept and integrate the values of the group as our own. These social values constantly surround us, but often go unexamined.
Primary Socialization Parsons & Bales argue that most socialization occurs during childhood . Orville Brim refers to this stage as primary socialization . Parents are the first teachers, but children also teach their parents. Any parent of multiple children knows that no two children are alike!
Secondary Socialization Because socialization is an unending cycle , we are at times the “ socializer and at other times the “ socialized ”. This dynamic, whereby socialization continues throughout our lives is considered secondary socialization . As you experience life-changing events —like going to college, beginning a career, or getting married– new socialization occurs.
What does Socialization do? At each stage of life, we encounter new norms, values and expectations. We learn to accept and integrate them as we adapt to our environment. In a sense, the socialization process makes us who we are.
The Nature Vs. Nurture Debate —What makes us who we are? Richard Dawkins said, “We, and all other animals, are machines created by our genes.” Pure “ nature ” theorists believe that the genes we get from our parents at conception are the primary causes of human behaviors—in short, our genetic makeup determines who we are.
In the 20 th century, social scientists began to fight biologists’ belief that nature is the sole determinant of who we are. Those who believe in “ nurture ” like philosopher John Locke , propose that our environment influences the way we think, feel, and behave. Nurture
Supporters of this idea assert that socialization molds us like pieces of clay, particularly during early childhood . Many nurture theorists believe that a social process teaches people who they are and how they fit into their world.
Although it is true that our genes do not necessarily dictate our destiny, it is also true that our biological makeup is what interacts with the environment in the first place.

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