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Chapter 10: Emotional DevelopmentI.What are Emotions:A. Definition of emotion1.Emotion is feeling or affectthat occurs when a person is in a state or aninteraction that is important to him or her, especially to his or her well-being.2. Psychologists classify the broad range of emotions in many ways, but almost classifications designate an emotion as either positive or negative.3. Positive emotionsa) enthusiasmb) joyc) love4. Negative emotionsd) anxietye) angerf) guiltg) sadness5. Emotions are influenced by biological foundations and experience.a) Biological foundation of emotion involves the development of the nervous system.1.Emotions are linked with early developing regions of the human nervous system, including structures of the limbic system and the brain stem.2.Facial expressions of basic emotions are the same across cultures.3.Display rules, when, where, and how emotions should be expressed, are not culturally universal.b) Cultural variations1. Cultural variation reveal the role of experience in emotion.
6. A Functionalist view of emotion –developmentalists view emotions as the result of individuals’ attempts to adapt to specific contextual demands.7. Emotional CompetenceII. Development of EmotionA. Infancy