HIST-2610 01/16/18 Idealism v Pragmatism Identity Geography Matters 01/18/18 key terms and concepts 1. Aztecs 2. God, glory, and gold 3. Christopher Columbus 4. Cortez 5. Mission system 6. Protestant reformation 7. Spanish armada THE FIRST PEOPLES The first migration: ancient Asian people followed the migrations of their food sources which took them across the land bridge all the way through the America’s AT first there were only about 4 million people living in the southern part of north America and central America/over 400 languages were spoken in that time Civilizations began to grow and advance in central America. Though they did not have things like ‘the wheel’ they were able to read star charts, build temples, and establish strong cultures Aztecs were especially known for being able to create huge feats of architecture, despite being known for having very barbaric ways Sacrifices were quite common among Aztecs The Incans had large amounts of gold and silver along with the mynas Incans practices the art of mummifications Overall the ancient civilizations were not that different from Europeans, the only exceptions were clothing, certain rituals and technology The Iroquois Functioned off the idea of a confederations Lived in longhouses Built around a family structure Elders were the ones who ran the nations Lived in quite advanced villages
Were known for being warriors We’re not well liked by other native peoples Loved to torture captives The creeks Very warlike people Extremely divided people between the red sticks and the white sticks Master trades Strong in the sout Natchez Mound people Lived near Mississippi valley Master traders Lived in palisaded villages Caddo Biggest early Indian tribe in Texas Settled along Texas/Louisiana border Biggest traders in the region of Texas Biggest Indian group in Texas until the Comanche’s invade East Texas Comanche Ruled Texas Horse lords(Dothraki) The masters of the American slave trade Danger to American Expansion Burnt most of Northern Mexico to the ground Master raiders Peublos Lived in communities that were built into the sides of Mountains Very organized society Three main reasons why Native People Fell Disease a. 1492 when conquistadors arrive they bring diseases that killed many Indians Lack of Unity a. Native groups were manipulated by Europeans into killing the other native peoples Technology
o Europeans had guns, steel, horses, and modern tactics were much more superior to the Native technology When did white people show up? Erik the Red came from Norway to Greenland Leif Erikson developed colonies in Greenland Europeans forgot that the new land existed Reconquista Spain becomes a thing Spain had to come together in order to expand across the world God, Gold, Glory Ferdinand and Isabella declared span a Catholic nation
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