6/26/2018Chapter 08 - America Secedes from the Empire | CourseNotes1/10AP Notes, Outlines, Study Guides, Vocabulary, Practice Exams and more!FACEBOOK?NEW?RegisterBEEN HERE?Sign Inprinter friendlyChapter 08 - America Secedes from theEmpireI. Congress Drafts George Washington1. After the bloodshed at Lexington and Concord in April of 1775, about 20,000 Minutemen swarmed around Boston, where they outnumbered the British.2. The Second Continental Congress met in Philadelphia on May 10, 1775, with no real intention of independence, but merely a desire to continue fighting in the hope that the king and Parliament would consent to a redress of grievances.It sent another list of grievances to Parliament.It also adopted measures to raise money for an army and a navy.It also selected George Washington to command the army.Washington had never risen above the rank of colonel, and his largest command had only been of 1,200 men, but he was a tall figure who looked like a leader, and thus, was a morale boost to troops.He radiated patience, courage, self-discipline, and a sense of justice, and though he insisted on working without pay, he did keep a careful expense account amounting to more than $100,000.II. Bunker Hill and Hessian Hirelings1. In the first year, the war was one of consistency, as the colonists maintained their loyalty while still shooting at the king’s men.2. In May 1775, a tiny American force called the Green Mountain Boys, led by Ethan Allen and Benedict Arnold, surprised and captured the British garrisons at Forts Ticonderoga and Crown PointThe importance of this raid lay in the fact that they captured much-needed cannons and gunpowder.Home » AP US History » Notes » The American Pageant, 13th Edition Textbook Notes
6/26/2018Chapter 08 - America Secedes from the Empire | CourseNotes2/103. In June 1775, the colonials seized Bunker Hill (prior known as Breed’s Hill).Instead of flanking them, the Redcoats launched a frontal attack, and the heavily entrenched colonial sharpshooters mowed them down until meager gunpowder supplies ran out and they were forced to retreat.4. After Bunker Hill, George III slammed the door for all hope of reconciliation and declared the colonies to be in open rebellion, a treasonous affair.5. The king also hired many German mercenaries, called Hessians, who, because they were lured by booty and not duty, had large numbers desert and remained in America to become respectful citizens.III. The Abortive Conquest of Canada1. In October 1775, the British burned Falmouth (Portland), Maine.