HST 304 American Civil War
The territorial question was the question of whether or not slavery should be a permanent part of this
Country’s culture. As the country was growing and expanding with the addition of new states, the question
arose: Should the new states be slave states or should they be free states? The first step towards the Civil War
was the Missouri Compromise of 1820.
What were reasons behind enslaving Africans? Basically, they were available in large numbers; they
were less likely to escape; they were called “savage” and “uncivilized”, and considered “heathens”; the African
female slaves could pass their status to children; and Africans did not white skin. Slavery had large growth
mainly due to the cotton gin, which was invented in the late 18
century. In 1790, there were 700,000 slaves, in
1810 there were 1,200,000 and in 1860 the number of slaves in this country had grown to 3,950,000.
eve of the Civil War, many Southerners saw anyone who was anti-slavery as also being anti-southern. They
argued that slavery was practical, religious, racial, and benefited everyone.
The history of abolishing slavery in the U.S. began in Vermont in 1777, which was six years before the
end of the American Revolution. At the Philadelphia Convention of 1787, the Three-Fifths Compromise was
implemented, which counted slaves as 3/5
of a person. Northerners agreed to the compromise because
taxation of states was based on population. In 1827, New York was the last of the “original” Northern states to
abolish slavery. Out of the original thirteen states seven of them were free and six of them were slave states.
In 1820, the Missouri Compromise was developed. According to the compromise no state above the
parallel 36°30' with the exception of Missouri becoming a slave state. The North wanted to add Maine as a free
state and the South wanted Missouri. So, even though Missouri was above the parallel 36°30' the North allowed
it to be considered a slave state. Then by 1888, 16% of Missouri’s population was slaves.
After the Missouri Comprise, Congress approved the Tariff of Abominations. This taxation angers the