HST 304 American Civil War Semester Notes

HST 304 American Civil War Semester Notes - HST 304...

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Unformatted text preview: HST 304 American Civil War 14/01/2008 23:28:00 Slaverys First Crisis: The Missouri Compromise of 1820 The American Revolution ended in 1783 1777 Vermont abolish slavery 1827 New York was the last of the original North states to abolish slavery Original 13 states 7 free states and 6 slave states 16% of Missouri was slaves in 1888 Slaves in the south would be counted as 3/5 of a person John Adams was not a slave holder 1860 this country had 4 million slaves Northerners agreed to the 3/5 th compromise because initially taxation was based on population U.S. cotton Production 1795 750 tons 1820 80,000 tons 1860 1,000,000 tons 80% of worlds cotton Theory of diffusion The only way to bring slavery to an end was to allow it to expand President James Monroe says Missouri Compromise is unconstitutional but he signed it anyways Missouri Compromise aka Compromise of 1820 Flashpoint #1 An imaginary line is drawn along the southern border of Missouri (36 degrees, 30 minutes) Missouri is a slave state and will become a large slave state For the next 25 years Congress admitted states (free & slave) to maintain a balance in the U.S. Senate Tariff of Abominations (1828-1832) A tariff is a tax on imports to protect domestic Industry John C. Calhoun (South Carolina) wants to nullify the Tariff The south did not like the tariff because British goods are cheaper than goods from the North. Force Act of 1833 (use of federal troops to enforce revenue laws Sam Houston & Stephen Austin are the fathers of Texas Andrew Jackson 1828 President, Southerner & slave owner The Industrial North wants the tariff President John Tyler 1841-1845 resubmit the annexation of Texas Flashpoint #2 Texas joins the union as a slave state on John Tylers last day of Presidency West Virginia Secedes from Virginia James Polk ( March 4, 1845 to March 4, 1849) Narrowly elected president Family is from Tennessee friends with Andrew Jackson 1844 positioned to be VP for democratic party Polk is a cheerless man Mrs. Sarah Polk was his secretary she gave us hail to the chief because he was short and she wanted everyone to know he entered the room Polks program: 1. Reduce US tariff 2. Establish an independent treasury 3. Settle Oregon dispute w/Britian 4. Add California to USA Mexican War (1846 -1848) In the end of the War we paid Mexico 15 million dollars for the land we took...
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This note was uploaded on 03/24/2008 for the course HIST 304 taught by Professor Unknown during the Winter '08 term at Michigan State University.

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HST 304 American Civil War Semester Notes - HST 304...

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