PLS 377 American Political Thought Notes

PLS 377 American Political Thought Notes - PLS 377 American...

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PLS 377 American Political Thought 15/01/2008 16:14:00 The Articles of Confederacy was the first constitution it contained just a congress. Super majority of the 9 out of 13 states were required to pass. Military consisted of state militias, there was no National Army 3 years after Revolutionary War this wasn’t working It was Fragmented at a local level Shays rebellion – small farmers with large taxes and debt Philadelphia 1787 Convention in secret where they were going to add articles to  the confederacy constitution. Instead they came up with a new one. Pennsylvania, Massachusetts, New York and Virginia were the four largest  states. 9 out of 13 states needed to ratify the new constitution. Virginia was split.  George Mason didn’t want to sign the new constitution. New York was also split Ant Federalist was a diverse group Gov. George Clinton of New York state wanted to start over The Bill of Rights would not of originally existed if it wasn’t for the antifederalist In New York the antifederalist attacked the new constitution first. They attacked it  by sending out anti constitution pamphlets and with newspaper articles attacking it. *Study Federalist 10 Balance of powers was lost in the first constitution Federalist stand for abandoning the first constitution and starting over. All republican governments have had issues in the past. Ancient Republics were small city states and there was no separation of church  and state Democracy is rule of the poor (poor being anyone who has to work)
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Anti-federalist thought that government could only be done correctly on a small  scale Majority Factions are a problem Two ways to fix them: Make everyone the same (not going to work) o Take away liberty If you do not have liberty to live different lives. Educate  everybody the same Control the effects, make them in effective by their number o Invite all factions in so they fight among themselves and there is not  one being dominate As long as you have liberty you are going to have factions 1787 foreign affairs U.S. is in violation of their treaty that was signed at the end of the Revolution. Congress didn’t have money to pay for the land that is taken. British are refusing  to remove their troops from forts as a result. In the south and west Spain is controlling  Alabama, Minnesota, Tennessee.  National Army has only 700 men, No Navy no ships to protect commercial ships  from pirates.
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