Kinesiology Exam #3- Study Guide.rtf.docx - Kinesiology Exam#3 Study Guide The Quadratus Lumborum originates on the iliac crest and inserts on the 12th

Kinesiology Exam #3- Study Guide.rtf.docx - Kinesiology...

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Kinesiology Exam #3 – Study Guide - The -The Transversospinalesoriginates on the transverse process of a vertebra and inserts on the spinous process of the vertebra above? - The Quadratus Lumborum is a prime mover in which Lateral Bending (Lateral Flexion) - The Erector Spinae are prime movers in extension and lateral flexion of the spine - The Sternocleidomastoid, when contracted unilaterally, laterally bends the neck to the same side & rotates the head to the opposite side. - The spinal ligament that runs posteriorly along the vertebral bodies inside the vertebral foramen is called the PLL, posterior longitudinal ligament - - The facet joints of the lumbar spine primarily run in the sagittal plane which allows good spinal flexion and extension - The muscle of the cervical spine that is innervated by Cranial Nerve XI is the Sternocleidomastoid Upper Traps (Cranial Nerve XI) - The suboccipital mm., located posteriorly, primarily serve to extend, laterally bend, and rotate the head - Having a pt. prone over a ball, raising head and shoulders, then with a focus on the “down” part of the exercise achieves eccentric strengthening of the trunk extensors - L Side-lying over an exercise ball, and then laterally bend to right is the best position and instruction for a scoliosis client to strengthen lateral benders of the right side of the trunk - When you instruct a client in a “chin tuck” exercise, you are encouraging axial extension - - Having your patient flex and laterally bend the cervical spine to the right; while rotating the head to the left side is the best instruction to most effectively stretch the left sternocleidomastoid muscle . - The transverse abdominis has the primary function is compression of abdominal contents - A Compression Fracture is a common type of fracture seen in those with osteoporosis

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