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Kinesiology Exam #3- Study Guide.rtf.docx - Kinesiology...

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Kinesiology Exam #3 – Study Guide-TheQuadratus Lumborumoriginates on the iliac crest and inserts on the 12th rib and transverse processes of T12to L5-TheRectus Abdominisoriginates on the pubis and inserts on the costal cartilages of the fifth, sixth, and seventh ribsis the-TheScalenesoriginate on the transverse processes of the cervical vertebra and inserts on the first and second ribs-TheTransversospinalesoriginates on the transverse process of a vertebra and inserts on the spinous process of thevertebra above?-TheQuadratus Lumborumis a prime mover in which Lateral Bending (Lateral Flexion)-TheErector Spinaeare prime movers in extension and lateral flexion of the spine-The Sternocleidomastoid, when contracted unilaterally, laterally bends the neck to the same side & rotates the head tothe opposite side.-The spinal ligament that runs posteriorly along the vertebral bodies inside the vertebral foramen is called the PLL,posterior longitudinal ligament--The facet joints of the lumbar spine primarily run in the sagittal plane which allows good spinal flexion and extension-The muscle of the cervical spine that is innervated byCranial Nerve XIis theSternocleidomastoidUpper Traps (Cranial Nerve XI)-Thesuboccipital mm.,located posteriorly,primarily serve to extend, laterally bend, and rotate thehead-Having a pt. prone over a ball, raising head and shoulders, thenwith a focus on the “down” part of the exerciseachieveseccentricstrengthening of the trunk extensors-L Side-lying over an exercise ball, and then laterally bend to right is the best position and instruction for a scoliosisclient to strengthen lateral benders of the right side of the trunk-When you instruct a client in a “chin tuck” exercise, you are encouragingaxial extension--Having your patient flex and laterally bend the cervical spine to the right; while rotating the head to the left side is thebest instruction to most effectively stretchthe left sternocleidomastoid muscle.-Thetransverse abdominishas theprimaryfunction iscompression of abdominal contents-ACompression Fractureis a common type of fracture seen in those withosteoporosis

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Term
Summer
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Tags
Vastus lateralis muscle, tibialis posterior muscle, Hip Adductors

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