Musculoskeletal PT Exam 1 Study Guide (1).docx - Musculoskeletal PT Exam 1 Study Guide-2015 The primary goal the hallmark of a great rehabilitation team

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Musculoskeletal PT Exam 1 – Study Guide-2015 The primary goal & the hallmark of a great rehabilitation team is to maximize recovery for each patient. Examples of Open-Ended Questions include: “Tell me about your pain”, “How does that feel?” & “What do you think about that exercise?” According to the Dimensional Model , we generally want to fall in Quadrant 4, with a few elements of Quadrant 3, for our interactions with patients and staff When performing Manual Muscle testing, a grade 5 is considered normal Know the definition of dysdiadochokinesia Definition of a PTA according to APTA Guiding Documents: A technically educated health care provider who assists the physical therapist in the provision of selected physical therapy interventions Be able to recognize elements from the 8 Standards of Ethical Conduct for the PTA Know the following Signs of Inflammation : o Localized heat o Redness o Swelling o Pain with a resultant loss of function in the injured area Know the difference between acute and chronic inflammation Normal Body temp is 96.8-99.5 deg F Be able to recognize the following signs of a Fever : o General malaise o Headache o Increased pulse o Increased respiratory rates o Chills o Shivering o Piloerection (hair stands up) o Insomnia o Weakness o Loss of appetite o Pallor o Nausea o Irritability o Restlessness o Constipation o Sweating o Thirst o Coated tongue o Decreased urinary output Hand Washing is the most effective means of controlling the transmission of infectious diseases
Know the Following Signs & Symptoms of a DVT (Deep Vein Thrombosis) o Tightness or inflammation usually in the calf o Caused by a blood clot in the leg veins o May break free and travel through the bloodstream to the pulmonary artery o Pulmonary embolism o Blood clot in the pulmonary artery Know the Red Flag Pain Symptoms on Slide 31 of Chapter 2 Know the following Signs & Symptoms of PAD (Peripheral Artery Disease) -Pallor -Decrease in peripheral pulses -Sensory changes -Weakness of the involved area (past the point of blockage) -Diabetes -Nonhealing wounds Know the definition of a Trigger Point Know the normal ranges for all Vital Signs Know the definition of Muscle Tone Documentation needs to be timely, accurate, legible, concise, and technically correct Definition of “ Differential Diagnosis ”: The process of carefully comparing and contrasting patient data points with the goal of appropriate exclusion and inclusion that terminate with the development of intervention strategies The PT Examination should include all of the following: -Overall health status -Specific phase of healing -Severity of pathology -Systems involvement -Preexisting conditions and comorbidities -Other information and data The Physical Therapy Diagnosis differs from the Medical Diagnosis and focuses on the following: -Preferred Practice Patterns (from APTA Guide to Physical Therapist
Practice )

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