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Musculoskeletal PT Exam 1 Study Guide (1).docx -...

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Musculoskeletal PT Exam 1 – Study Guide-2015Theprimary goal & the hallmarkof a great rehabilitation team is tomaximizerecovery for each patient.Examples ofOpen-Ended Questionsinclude:“Tell me about your pain”, “Howdoes that feel?” & “What do you think about that exercise?”
When performing Manual Muscle testing, a grade 5 is considered normalKnow the definition ofdysdiadochokinesiaDefinition of a PTAaccording to APTA Guiding Documents:A technicallyeducated health care provider who assists the physical therapist in the provisionof selected physical therapy interventionsBe able to recognize elements from the8 Standards of Ethical Conductfor thePTAKnow the followingSigns of Inflammation:oLocalized heatoRednessoSwellingoPain with a resultant loss of function in the injured areaKnow the difference between acute and chronic inflammationNormal Body temp is 96.8-99.5 deg FBe able to recognize the followingsigns of a Fever:oGeneral malaiseoHeadacheoIncreased pulseoIncreased respiratory ratesoChillsoShiveringoPiloerection (hair stands up)oInsomniaoWeaknessoLoss of appetiteoPalloroNauseaoIrritabilityoRestlessnessoConstipationoSweatingoThirstoCoated tongueoDecreased urinary outputHand Washingis the most effective means of controlling the transmission ofinfectious diseases
Know the FollowingSigns & Symptoms of a DVT (Deep Vein Thrombosis)oTightness or inflammation usually in the calfoCaused by a blood clot in the leg veinsoMay break free and travel through the bloodstream to the pulmonary arteryoPulmonary embolismoBlood clot in the pulmonary arteryKnow the Red Flag Pain Symptoms on Slide 31 of Chapter 2Know the followingSigns & Symptoms of PAD (Peripheral Artery Disease)-Pallor-Decrease in peripheral pulses-Sensory changes-Weakness of the involved area (past the point of blockage)-Diabetes-Nonhealing woundsKnow the definition of aTrigger PointKnow the normal ranges for allVital SignsKnow the definition ofMuscle ToneDocumentation needs to betimely, accurate, legible, concise, and technicallycorrectDefinition of “Differential Diagnosis”:The process of carefully comparing andcontrasting patient data points with the goal of appropriateexclusion and inclusionthatterminate with the development of intervention strategiesThePT Examinationshould include all of the following:-Overall health status-Specific phase of healing-Severity of pathology-Systems involvement-Preexisting conditions and comorbidities-Other information and dataThePhysical Therapy Diagnosisdiffers from the Medical Diagnosis and focuses on thefollowing:-Preferred Practice Patterns (from APTAGuide to Physical Therapist
Practice)

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