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Factors influencing the effectiveness of guidance and counselling programme in secondary schoolsToday school guidance and counseling teachers in the world have embraced a role that requiresdirect services to students, parents and teachers as opposed to one that is comprised mostly ofadministrative and clerical tasks. Guidance and counseling as defined by Whiston, (2002) isadvice on what one should do or how one should behave and help that is given to someoneexperiencing problems. Guidance and counseling services are essential elements in disciplinemanagement of people in all societies. School counselors offer guidance and counseling servicesthat address the development of students in educational development, career development andpersonal social development (Zeedyk, 2003). United Nation Education Science and Culturalorganization (2000) states that Guidance and Counseling are services that are tailored to meetstudents’ concerns regarding their health, personal-social, educational and career development.These concerns will be established through needs assessment. Guidance and Counseling servicesinclude counseling and orientation services. A number of factors influence the effectiveness ofguidance and counseling programmes in secondary schools.Availability of Resource for Guidance and CounselingEffective guidance and counseling in secondary schools requires adequate resources, equipmentand space. In addition, there should be an appropriate designated office within the school settingto adequately provide confidential counseling and consulting services for students, teachers andparents. Each school should have a counseling centre with a reception area, private offices andconference rooms for group sessions.In Africa, counseling centers are located in such a way thateveryone in the school has equal access (Gysbers & Henderson, 2001). Thompson et al. (2003)argued that in assessment of secondary student counseling needs are hindered by lack ofpsychometrically sound instruments. Lonborg and Bowen (2004) also argued that effectiveguidance and counseling services are hindered by lack of referral resources.
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School counselor, Education Officer for Guidance and Counseling