Chapter-19-AP-World-Reading-Notes.docx - Josh George...

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Josh GeorgeKlinect-410-3-11Chapter 19: States and Societies of Sub-Saharan AfricaStates and Societies of Sub-Saharan AfricaTrade and interaction between the peoples living in Sub-Saharan Africa and the rest of the classical world was limited because of geographic features. The Sahara Desert posed a challenge to trade.Once established on a large scale in the Post-Classical Era, increased trade affected the people of Sub-Saharan Africa by promoting urban development, the organization of large states ad empires, and the introduction of new food crops and new religious beliefs into Sub-Saharan Africa.Effects of Early African MigrationsAgriculture and Population GrowthThe Bantu migrations brought with them to Sub-Saharan Africa practices such as: iron metallurgy and hoes that facilitated further clearing of lands and extension of agriculture.Bananas reached Africa through Malay seafarers from the islands that make up modern day Indonesia. It altered the population of Africa by making it increase rapidly.African Political OrganizationAfter the Bantu ran out of new land to migrate to, they started developing increasingly complex forms of government that enabled them to organize their existing societies more efficiently.The stateless societies of Sub-Saharan Africa were organized through families and kinships.The process that transformed the stateless societies of Sub-Saharan Africa into large complex societies involves the splitting of Sub-Saharan Africa into many regions.

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