SocietalandCulturalAspects_15.ppt - Societal Cultural Aspects of Diet Vegetarianism Insects as Food Cultural Foods Types of Vegetarians Lacto-Ovo

SocietalandCulturalAspects_15.ppt - Societal Cultural...

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Societal & Cultural Aspects of Diet Vegetarianism, Insects as Food, Cultural Foods
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Types of Vegetarians Lacto-Ovo Vegetarians: No red meat, poultry, or fish. Will consume dairy products and eggs Pescetarian: No red meat or poultry; Fish OK Vegan: Plant foods only. May also avoid non-food animal products (such as leather)
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Types of Vegetarians Raw Foods: raw produce, nuts, seeds, sprouted grains and beans, raw dairy products Fruitarian: raw fruits, nuts and seeds Flexitarian: a vegetarian who occasionally eats meat; being flexible in practice of vegetarianism or veganism. A flexitarian might make only vegetarian dishes at home, but eat dishes including meat at home of family or friends Reducetarian: aim is to get everyone to cut down on the animal products they eat — red meat, poultry, seafood, along with milk and eggs.
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Why Vegetarian? Economics Health Food Safety Religion Concern for animal rights Hunger issues Environmental issues Moral issues
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Hunger Issues ~70% of U.S. grain harvest vs. 38% of the world’s grain harvest used to feed livestock Typical steer consumes 3000 lbs grain to gain 400 lbs in weight, has an output of 50 lbs manure daily Land taken up to grow grain for animal feed in addition to land used for pasture instead of to grow food Almost half of world’s farmland being used as pasture for livestock
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Food Safety: Escherichia coli O157:H7 An emerging pathogen, now causes infection in more than 70,000 people per year An extreme case: Video: Tainted Meat health/1247464978948/tainted-meat.html?scp =1&sq=E.%20coli&st=cse A young woman developed hemolytic uremic syndrome and was paralyzed as a result of eating a hamburger tainted with E. coli 0157:H7
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Health Aspects of Vegetarian Diets
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