Societal & Cultural Aspects of Diet Vegetarianism, Insects as Food, Cultural Foods
Types of Vegetarians • Lacto-Ovo Vegetarians: No red meat, poultry, or fish. Will consume dairy products and eggs • Pescetarian: No red meat or poultry; Fish OK • Vegan: Plant foods only. May also avoid non-food animal products (such as leather)
Types of Vegetarians • Raw Foods: raw produce, nuts, seeds, sprouted grains and beans, raw dairy products • Fruitarian: raw fruits, nuts and seeds • Flexitarian: a vegetarian who occasionally eats meat; being flexible in practice of vegetarianism or veganism. A flexitarian might make only vegetarian dishes at home, but eat dishes including meat at home of family or friends • Reducetarian: aim is to get everyone to cut down on the animal products they eat — red meat, poultry, seafood, along with milk and eggs.
Why Vegetarian? • Economics • Health • Food Safety • Religion • Concern for animal rights • Hunger issues • Environmental issues • Moral issues
Hunger Issues • ~70% of U.S. grain harvest vs. 38% of the world’s grain harvest used to feed livestock • Typical steer consumes 3000 lbs grain to gain 400 lbs in weight, has an output of 50 lbs manure daily • Land taken up to grow grain for animal feed in addition to land used for pasture instead of to grow food • Almost half of world’s farmland being used as pasture for livestock
Food Safety: Escherichia coli O157:H7 • An emerging pathogen, now causes infection in more than 70,000 people per year • An extreme case: Video: Tainted Meat • health/1247464978948/tainted-meat.html?scp =1&sq=E.%20coli&st=cse • A young woman developed hemolytic uremic syndrome and was paralyzed as a result of eating a hamburger tainted with E. coli 0157:H7
Health Aspects of Vegetarian Diets •
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- Spring '14