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Unformatted text preview: Chapter 9(The Indian Question): Indians were forced off of their reservations and pushed further west, many shot and killed. In South Dakota, a frozen creek called Wounded Knee Indians tried to flee and were killed, this symbolized the end on the Indian American frontier. During the 1870s, Francis Amasa Walker tried peace policy by buying off and feeding the Indians. Goal was eventually assimilating Indians, but first relocation was to take place. 1887, Dawes Act granted head of Indian families 160 acres to try and speed up assimilation. The next year, land was already starting to be taken away as Congress passed new laws. By 1891 almost 1/7 of all Indian land was taken away. 1934 Indian Reorganization act began a New Deal to allow Indians to be who they are and not assimilate. Purpose was the maintenance of Indian cultures on their communally owned lands. Also, stock reductions were taking place in which Indians cattle/animals were taken away. Chapter 10(Pacific Crossings): Japanese left because they saw China being colonized by western powers and they feared they were next. Hawaii was first part for most Japanese to go and many of them were recruited by laborers. Significant # of they were next....
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- Spring '08