Jenay FaulknerOf Humans and GodsProfessor Bernstein2 March 2018Realistic MoralityImmanuel Kant declares, “Live your life as though your every act were to become a universal law.” In Grounding for the Metaphysics of Morals on a Supposed Right to Lie because Philanthropic Concerns, Kant describes how to live a moral life. Through his moral guidelines, Kant enables readers to act as moral agents. Kant explains first that the only unarguable good is goodwill. Good will is intrinsically good, despite the outcome and establishes the only path to true happiness. Motives of self-gain eradicates all intentions of good will. The performance of duty should merely be to complete the duty. The only way to know if something is good is to appeal to the principles. Secondly, Kant focuses on motives and the imperatives. Kant implies that almost all actions performed derive from some motive other than simply pure duty. To assess the intent of one’s will, one must appeal to the categorical imperatives presented by Kant. Thirdly, Kant addressesthe free will of humanity and how free will attributes to morality. Via his appeal to principle, imperatives, and free will, Kant successfully presents a realistic moral theory.Kant allows humanity to measure the intent of their will through the utilization of the principles. For example, “Moreover, worse cannot be rendered morality than that an attempt be made to derive it from examples. For every example of morality presented to me must itself first be judged according to principles of morality in order to see whether itis fit to serve as an original example”(Kant 20). Kant concludes the principles ultimately
judge the morality of a person’s thoughts or actions. In order to ascertain the purity of one’s actions, the actions must appeal to the principles to ensure the lack of corruption. Hence, morality is not subjective to human judgement. Furthermore, “The principles should not be made to depend on the particular nature of human reason, as speculative
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