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study guide - Sir Walter Raleigh[1] (c.1552 29 October...

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Sir Walter Raleigh [1] (c.1552 – 29 October 1618 ), was a famed English writer , poet , courtier and explorer . He was responsible for establishing the first English colony in the New World , on June 4 , 1584 , [2] at Roanoke Island in present-day North Carolina . When the third attempt at settlement failed, the ultimate fate of the colonists was never authoritatively ascertained, and it became known as "The Lost Colony" .Raleigh's plan for colonization in the "Colony and Dominion of Virginia " (which included the present-day states of North Carolina and Virginia ) in North America ended in failure at Roanoke Island , but paved the way for subsequent colonies. His voyages were funded primarily by himself and his friends, never providing the steady stream of revenue necessary to start and maintain a colony in America. (Subsequent colonization attempts in the early 17th century were made under the joint-stock Virginia Company which was able to pull together the capital necessary to create successful colonies.) Hernán(do) Cortés Pizarro, 1st Marqués del Valle de Oaxaca (1485 –December 2 , 1547 ) was a Spanish conquistador who initiated the conquest of the Aztec Empire on behalf of Charles V , king of Castile and Holy Roman Emperor , in the early 16th century. Cortés was part of the generation of Spanish colonizers that began the first phase of the Spanish colonization of the Americas .Cortés was born in Medellín , in the province of Extremadura , in the Kingdom of Castile in Spain in 1485. His father, Martin Cortés de Monroy, was an infantry captain of distinguished ancestry but slender means. His mother was Catalina Pizarro Altamirano. Through his mother, Hernan was second cousin to Francisco Pizarro , who later conquered the Inca empire of modern-day Peru (not to be confused with another Francisco Pizarro who joined Cortés to conquer the Aztecs ). Extremadura is an autonomous community of western Spain . It includes the provinces of Cáceres and Badajoz . Extremadura borders Portugal to the west, and it is an important area for wildlife, particularly with the major reserve at Monfragüe , which has recently been recognised as a National Park, or the project of International Tagus River Natural Park (Parque Natural Rio Tajo internacional). To the north it borders Castille and León (provinces of Salamanca and Ávila ); to the south, it borders Andalusia (provinces of Huelva , Seville , and Córboda ); and to the east, it borders Castille-La Mancha (provinces of Toledo and Ciudad Real ). Counter-ReformationThe two terms highlight different aspects of the movement. The term Counter- Reformation, used primarily by non-Catholics, emphasizes the view that these reforms were prompted largely by the rise of Protestants and the threat they posed to Catholic institutions. In this view, the reforms were aimed primarily at reducing the loss of the faithful to Protestantism,and the term "Catholic Reformation" identifies it as an action of the Church, not a reaction to Protestant Reformers. Elmina
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study guide - Sir Walter Raleigh[1] (c.1552 29 October...

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