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Unformatted text preview: 346-86391931Workers vs. industrialization – battle for control of who gets paid what. Who will determine who controls this society. The workers said it shouldn’t be at the expense of the working class. 1877 railroad strike- Paralyzed the nationHaymarket Affair -1886- ChicagoAndrew Carnegie-Rags to riches. Scottish immigrant. Bought a steel mill. Then bought homestead mill who had a well organized union. Workers worked at all times. Had gotten rid of ever other union and wants to get rid of the homestead one, but needs to get rid of it in an acceptable way. (Thinks an individual has rights to things, but a union shouldn’t declare the rights for them)Frick built a fence around the mill and him and Carnegie didn’t allow workers to work under the old contract. They had to deny membership to the union if they wanted to work.Skilled and unskilled workers united to try to rally against Carnegie. Homestead MillThe Amalgamated AssociationHenry Clay Frick- Carnegie’s business partner who controlled much of the coal industry. Lock-out- union workers weren’t allowed to go to work under the union contract. Hugh O’donnell – Strike leader(promised no violence) Arrested along with the mayor. Pinkertons – private security force. Frick hired to protect him and his non-union workers. The workers met them when they arrived at the dock. Shots broke out. Pinkerton’s eventually surrendered and were marched to the center of town, beaten and kicked. They ended up riding a train out of homestead. 7 workers killed 3 pinkertons killed, many injured. Workers defended the mill with guns. National guard was brought to keep order. Within a week, mill was running, but without union workers. State militia – brought down strikes. Alexander Berkman- identified himself with the anarchist movement and sympathized with the workers.. Shot Frick. The movement that the workers had created had vanished with the assassination attempt. Anarchism – violence necessary to create change. The strikers gave in about 5 months after it began. Many skilled workers who were union leaders didn’t get their new jobs. Half of the mill’s workers were new. Frick and Carnegie win. No union influence in the steel industry.February 4, 2008Berkman(from Russia) tried to assassinate Berkman, he’s an anarchist (they wanted rule by groups, usually unions.) Berkman wasn’t even involved with the strikers. This adds more fuel to the fire about immigrants. Haymarket -1886-Press turned against the strikers, who were mostly immigrants. Homestead – 1892-gives the impression that immigrants, and most unions, are not democratic. This is not how Americans should do things, but everyone is an immigrant. These immigrants came during a time of urbanization. This period brought about the cowboy idea.. toughening up on the farm, individualism. i.e....
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This note was uploaded on 03/24/2008 for the course HIST 315k taught by Professor Seaholm during the Spring '08 term at University of Texas.
- Spring '08