Country Research Paper (1).docx - Audrey Johnson Country...

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Audrey JohnsonCountry AnalysisIB 31509/20/2017BrazilIn the 1500’s, Portuguese settlers arrived in Brazil from Europe. However, they were not the first settlers of the area. Brazil already had around 7 million native Indians inhabiting the area. The population quickly decreased due to warfare, cannibalism and later disease from the European settlers. The Portuguese settlers also found it important to sophisticate the indigenous people, including having sexual relations with them. With the sexual relations, came a diverse culture that is still very prominent and a distinctive characteristic in Brazil to this day. “Now only200,000 of Brazil’s indigenous people survive, most of whom inhabit the jungle areas.” (Meyer, 2010)Brazil’s history is also widely known for its participation in slavery. Due to its geographical location, obtaining slaves from Africa was relatively easy for Brazil. When thinkingabout slavery, the mind may go directly to North America and the unfortunate history they had with slavery. Brazil however, had 10 times the amount of slaves imported, and treated them in a far worse manner. Brazil was also the last country to abolish slavery and accounted for half of allsalves. Of the many resources Brazil has to offer, gold was what they were first recognized for. Itwas found back in the 1690’s, creating recognition of its trading potential and mineral resources.
Nonetheless, around 100 years later, it was determined that gold was not prosperous in this area and faded out. Farming would be the next important asset Brazil offered during this time due to its vast land acreage. With farming came profitable coffee and sugar resources. The coffee and sugar industry created jobs for the locals, thus growing the Brazilian economy. Brazil offers many geographical features such as the Amazon Rainforest, and the AmazonRiver. To begin, Brazil is the largest country in South America, and the fifth largest country in the world. Brazil shares its borders with all but two South American countries, which are Chile and Ecuador. Brazil offers extensive miles of shoreline that is both important to importing/exporting but also for tourist attraction, which generates revenue. The Amazon Rainforest is a very important part of the world’s natural resources. It is home to an estimated one-third of all known animal species and makes up about half of the world’s rainforests. The Amazon River carries more water into the Atlantic Ocean than any other river does to any other body of water. This river winds for more than 3200 kilometers (2000 miles) within the country and holds about one-fifth of the world’s fresh water.” (Meyer, 2010) With Brasilia as the capital, Sao Paulo, Salvador, Belo Horizonte, and Rio de Janeiro are some ofthe main cities in Brazil. Sao Paulo and Rio de Janeiro are not only the two largest cities in Brazil, but are also the two largest cities in the world with a combined population of over 18.5 million people.

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