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Unformatted text preview: Leadership and Professional Ethics United States Marine Corps Enlisted Professional Military Education Sergeants Course Foundation of Marine Corps Leadership Student Guide United States Marine Corps Enlisted Professional Military Education Sergeants Course SGT LDRPE 2110 17 June 2016 Foundation of Marine Corps Leadership SGT LDRPE 2110 Student Guide This page is intentionally left blank. 22 Apr 2015 Page ii Foundation of Marine Corps Leadership SGT LDRPE 2110 Student Guide Table of Contents Section 1: Introduction .......................................................................................................................... 1 Learning Analysis .................................................................................................................................... 1 Learning Outcome ............................................................................................................................... 1 Educational Objective ......................................................................................................................... 1 Instructional Components ................................................................................................................... 1 Completion Time ...................................................................................................................................... 2 Section 2: Defining Marine Corps Leadership ................................................................................ 3 Leadership ............................................................................................................................................ 3 Foundation of Marine Corps Leadership .......................................................................................... 3 The Objective of Leadership and the Leader’s Responsibilities .................................................. 9 Elements of Decentralized Leadership............................................................................................. 9 Leadership Challenges ..................................................................................................................... 10 Ethics and Leadership ...................................................................................................................... 11 Decision-Making Process ................................................................................................................. 12 Annexes and Appendices .................................................................................................................... 15 Annex A: LS 1 Article - Expeditionary Force 21 Forward by General Amos ......................... 16 Annex B: LS 1 Article - Expeditionary Force 21 Excerpt............................................................ 17 Annex C: LS 1 Article - Single Mother Deploys in Support of Operation Iraqi Freedom by Corporal Herron ............................................................................................................................... 19 Annex D: LS 1 Article - Honor, Courage, and Commitment by General Krulak ................... 21 Annex E: LS 1 Questions .................................................................................................................... 23 Leading Marines, Chapter 1 – Our Ethos ...................................................................................... 23 Expeditionary Force 21 Forward by General Amos ..................................................................... 23 Expeditionary Force 21 Excerpt ...................................................................................................... 23 Single Mother Deploys in Support of Operation Iraqi Freedom.................................................. 24 Honor, Courage, and Commitment ................................................................................................. 24 Annex F: LS 2 Article - Marine Noncommissioned Officers: On the Front Lines of Leadership by General Krulak ..................................................................................................... 25 Annex G: LS 2 Article - A Leader Knows the ‘3 Know’s’ by Lieutenant General Nickerson .............................................................................................................................................................. 29 Annex H: LS 2 Article - O’Fallon Marine Exhibits Courage, Unselfishness by Saving Family After Car Crash by Corporal Reeves ............................................................................ 30 Annex I: LS 2 Article - General Encourages Social Courage to Combat Sexual Assault by Amaani Lyle ...................................................................................................................................... 32 Annex J: LS 2 Article - Courage Correcting a Deficiency by Sergeant Wimer ..................... 34 22 Apr 2015 Page iii Foundation of Marine Corps Leadership SGT LDRPE 2110 Student Guide Annex K: LS 2 Questions .................................................................................................................... 35 Leading Marines, Chapter 2 – Foundations of Leadership ......................................................... 35 Marine Noncommissioned Officers: On the Front Lines of Leadership ................................... 35 A Leader Knows the 3 ‘Know’s’ ....................................................................................................... 36 O’Fallon Marine Exhibits Courage, Unselfishness by Saving Family After Car Crash ........... 36 General Encourages Social Courage to Combat Sexual Assault .............................................. 36 Courage Correcting a Deficiency .................................................................................................... 36 Annex L: LS 3 Article - Moral Courage and Leadership by Captain Helle ............................. 37 Annex M: LS 3 Article - Color Me Green by Chaplain McGonigal ............................................ 40 Annex N: LS 3 Article - When Everyone is Watching by Captain Tempone.......................... 41 Annex O: LS 3 Article - Operation RED WINGS by Ed Darack .................................................. 44 Annex P: LS 3 Questions .................................................................................................................... 50 Leading Marines Chapter 3 Discussion – Overcoming Challenges .......................................... 50 Moral Courage and Leadership ....................................................................................................... 50 Color Me Green.................................................................................................................................. 50 When Everyone is Watching ............................................................................................................ 51 Operation RED WINGS .................................................................................................................... 51 Annex Q: Operational Terms and Graphics – Devil’s Ditch ...................................................... 52 Appendix A: References ..................................................................................................................... 53 22 Apr 2015 Page iv Foundation of Marine Corps Leadership SGT LDRPE 2110 Student Guide Section 1: Introduction A Marine Corps Officer was still an officer, and a Sergeant behaved the way a good Sergeant has behaved since the time of Caesar, expecting no nonsense, allowing none … never losing sight of their primary – their only – mission, which was to fight. – T. R. Fehrenbach This Kind of War This is the first lesson in the Sergeants Leadership curriculum, which includes the leadership guided discussion series. The purpose of this lesson is to to expand on the responsibilities of the Marine sergeant and their role in small unit leadership. The rank of sergeant is possibly the most significant in the Marine Corps. They are the bond between higher echelon and the heart of the Marine Corps, the small unit. Sergeants are accountable for the effectiveness in which small units function and the development of Marines that operate at that level. Sergeants are expected to make difficult decisions and remain true to our core values and Marine Corps doctrine. The purpose of this lesson and the guided leadership discussions is for students to discuss and share ideas,develop subordinates, and enhance decision-making abilities while staying grounded in the foundation of Marine Corps leadership. Learning Analysis Learning Outcome Apply MCWP 6-11 leadership principles focusing on the development of subordinates. Educational Objective Apply leadership principles based on the foundations of Marine Corps leadership. Instructional Components Apply Foundation of Marine Corps Leadership in the development of subordinates. Discuss the professional responsibilities of Marine Corps leaders. Employ decision-making processes. Discuss leaders’ challenges in the development of subordinates. Discuss the responsibilities of leading a guided discussion. 22 Apr 2015 Page 1 Foundation of Marine Corps Leadership SGT LDRPE 2110 Student Guide Completion Time This lesson is divided into five parts and will be taught in multiple sessions over the entire length of the Sergeants Course. The following table provides you with a list of the assignments for each part of the lesson to include the associated readings, guided discussions, practical applications, and performance evaluations. Your faculty advisors will provide you with the actual dates of each event/due date. Methods Time Allotted Foundation of Marine Corps Leadership Reading of student guide prior to class 30 minutes* Informal lecture with PowerPoint presentation 1.5 hours 2 hours total Leadership Series 1: Our Ethos Small Group Discussions on Chapter 1 of Leading Marines, Sergeant Meyer’s video, “Devil’s Ditch” case study, EDG#1, and LS1 article(s). 5 hours Prior to class: Read Leading Marines, Introduction and Chapter 1. LS1 article(s) Answer all associated questions. 2 hours* 6 hours total Leadership Series 2: Foundations of Leadership Small Group Discussions on Chapter 2 of Leading Marines, EDG #2, and LS2 article(s). 4 hours Prior to class: Read Leading Marines, Chapter 2. LS2 article(s) Answer all associated questions. 2 hours* Analytical Essay Assigned N/A 5 hours total Leadership Series 3: Overcoming Challenges Small Group Discussions on Chapter 3 of Leading Marines, Platoon video clip, EDG #3, and LS3 article(s). 5 hours Prior to class: Read Leading Marines, Chapter 3. LS3 article(s) Answer all associated questions. 2 hours* Peer Evaluations Due 2 hours 8 hours total Leadership Panel 1.5 hours total Total Instructional Time 19 hours * Denotes time not counted towards Total Instructional Time. 22 Apr 2015 Page 2 Foundation of Marine Corps Leadership SGT LDRPE 2110 Student Guide Section 2: Defining Marine Corps Leadership The profession of arms is unique. It makes extraordinary demands on As a Marine leader, you must also understand our naval character and expeditionary mindset, our individuals, particularly its leaders. It philosophy that every Marine is a rifleman, and our requires them to make difficult choices, commitment to selfless service, all of which are in some in the face of danger, violence, and keeping with Marine tradition. death. These choices are made bearing – Leading Marines page 1-4 the responsibility of a nation and with the understanding that failure is not an option. Marines are able to operate under this pressure and place mission accomplishment over fear for their own safety because of one function: Leadership. Leadership According to the Marine Corps Manual, page A-2, leadership is “the sum of those qualities of intellect, human understanding, and moral character that enables a person to inspire and to control a group of people successfully.” Its purpose is to motivate the group to accomplish a common objective. Marine Corps leadership qualities include: • • • Inspiration – Personal example of high moral standards reflecting virtue, honor, patriotism, and subordination in personal behavior and in performance. Technical Proficiency – Knowledge of the military sciences and skills in their application. Moral Responsibility – Personal adherence to high standards of conduct and the guidance of subordinates toward wholesomeness of mind and body. An individual’s responsibility for leadership is not dependent upon authority. It is dependent on their ability to exert proper influence upon their fellow Marines by setting example of obedience, courage, zeal, sobriety, neatness, and attention to duty. Foundation of Marine Corps Leadership Leaders aren’t born. They are made. And they are made just like anything else, through hard work. And that’s the price we’ll have to pay to achieve that goal, or any goal. – Vince Lombardi American Football Coach In order to successfully lead and meet the responsibilities in our profession, Marines must apply the combination of intangible and tangible elements of Marine Corps leadership. These include the intangible elements epitomized in our ethos and tangible elements of our leadership philosophy. THE INTANGIBLES – OUR ETHOS The Webster’s New College Dictionary defines ethos as “the characteristic and distinguishing attitudes, habits, beliefs, etc. of an individual or of a group” (p. 489). The established character, belief, morals, or values is what guide the actions of a specific person, people, culture, or movement. As Marines, we must recognize that we live in a culture that demands us to follow and lead by our ethos; as leaders, it must drive our actions. Our ethos, or character, is centered on the idea that we are different. We are different because of our untiring adherence to traditional standards and “unyielding conviction that we exist to fight” (MCWP 611, p. 1-8). Marines have been distinguished with this character since the beginning of the Corps. This character has been passed down by the men and women who came before us – individuals who led with 22 Apr 2015 Page 3 Foundation of Marine Corps Leadership SGT LDRPE 2110 Student Guide extraordinary physical and moral courage. They led in this manner not because they wanted rank or decorations; they did it because they were Marines. With the development of Marine Corps Martial Arts Program (MCMAP), a similar ideal has evolved; the “Warrior Ethos.” This term is used to describe the development of the physical, mental, and character discipline that can be obtained only through developing the mind, body, and spirit simultaneously and equally. Nevertheless, both ideas embody the principal belief of our Corps: Marines exist to fight and win. THE TANGIBLES – OUR DOCTRINE The tangible elements of our leadership philosophy are found in institutional doctrine that specifies our responsibilities and guides us in our development as Marines. These include our oath of office or enlistment, promotion warrant, the Marine Corps Manual, Marine Corps core values, leadership traits and principles, code of conduct, and the Law of War. The Oath of Enlistment and Promotion Warrant. Both of these documents obtain their legality from the Constitution of the United States, which grants Congress the authority to enact laws and directives that prescribed certain authority to others within its purviews, to include the Marine Corps. This authority allows the armed services to prescribe regulations that charge you to certain standards that aid your ability by extending your authority in all matters concerning efficiency of the command. Oath of Enlistment I, __________, do solemnly swear (or affirm) that I will support and defend the Constitution of the United States against all enemies, foreign and domestic; that I will bear true faith and allegiance to the same; and that I will obey the orders of the President of the United States and orders of the officers appointed over me, according to regulations and the Uniform Code of Military Justice. So help me God. Sergeants Promotion Warrant To all who shall see these presents, greeting: Know ye, that reposing special trust and confidence in the fidelity and abilities of ____________, I do appoint this Marine a Sergeant in the United States Marine Corps, to rank as such from the _____ day of ______, __________. Effective with this appointment, you are charged to carefully and diligently execute the duties and responsibilities of a Sergeant of Marines, and I do strictly direct and require all personnel of lesser grade to render obedience to appropriate orders. As a Sergeant of Marines, you must set the example for others to emulate. Your conduct and professionalism both on and off duty shall be above reproach. You are responsible for the accomplishment of your assigned mission and for the safety, professional development and well -being of the Marines in your charge. You will be the embodiment of our institutional core values of honor, courage and commitment. You will lead your Marines with firmness, fairness and dignity while observing and following the orders and directions of your senior leaders and enforcing all regulations and articles governing the discipline of the Armed Forces of the United States of America. These documents outline the authority and responsibilities (not privileges) that come with the rank of a noncommissioned officer. It outlines the power and obligations that all sergeants must exercise, regardless of military occupation, in charge of one or 30 Marines. 22 Apr 2015 Page 4 Foundation of Marine Corps Leadership SGT LDRPE 2110 Student Guide MARINE CORPS CORE VALUES What exactly are values? According to the Lejeune Leadership Institute (LLI), “Values are the basic ideas about the worth or importance of people, concepts, or objects.” Values guide our attitudes and behaviors. Likewise, values are the rules by which we make decisions about right and wrong, should and should not, good and bad. There are different types of values: personal values and organizational values. Personal values are the center of an individual’s character. Values shape the individual’s traits, and determine attitudes and behaviors to different situations. Personal values influence feelings and actions regarding others as well as social issues, such as equality, justice, freedom, and patriotism. So, where do people get their values? Most researchers agree that people obtain their values and attitudes through experiences in society. Some examples are: • • • • • • Home (parents, grandparents, siblings, and relatives) School (teachers, school personnel, principals, counselors, and peers) Religion (clergy, pastors, youth groups) Community (civic leaders, business leaders) Job (supervisor, co-workers) Media (news, internet, television, music) Organizational, or Marine Corps, values are defined by LLI as those values in the “profession of arms that establish the bedrock which direct every Marine’s way of life. They are the ones that are central to profession and should guide the Marines’ lives as they serve their nation.” These organizational values are commonly referred to as core values. Leaders must use our core values, at times suppressing theirs, to guide the attitude and behavior of all Marines. Figure 1: Marine Corps Core Values 22 Apr 2015 Page 5 Foundation of Marine Corps Leadership SGT LDRPE 2110 Student Guide Honor: To live your life with integrity, responsibility, honesty, and respect. • • • • Integrity – To do what is right legally and morally. Responsibility – To be accountable for all actions and inactions. Honesty – To be trustworthy; to never lie, cheat, or steal, nor tolerate those who do. Respect – To value human life and dignity, our customs and courtesies, and our proud heritage. Courage: The mental, moral, and physical strength to do what...
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