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CourseNURS-6521N-37,Advanced Pharmacology.2018 Summer Qtr 05/29-08/19-PT27TestWeek 2 - QuizStarted6/10/18 11:56 AMSubmitted6/10/18 12:56 PMDue Date6/11/18 1:59 AMStatusCompletedAttempt Score21 out of 25 points Time Elapsed1 hour, 0 minute out of 1 hourInstructionsPlease answer each question below and click Submitwhen you havecompleted the Quiz.Results DisplayedFeedbackQuestion 11 out of 1 pointsWhich of the following patients should be advised by the nurse to avoid over-the-counter cold and allergy preparations that contain phenylephrine?Response Feedback:Phenylephrine is an alpha-1 adrenergic agonist and a drug commonly used topically for relief of nasal and nasopharyngeal mucosal congestion and to produce mydriasis for ophthalmologic procedures. Phenylephrine acts as a vasopressor causing vasoconstriction of the arterioles. The vasoconstriction from phenylephrine use can increase peripheral resistance and blood pressure. People with hypertension should not take over-the-countercold and allergy preparations containing phenylephrine because it can further increase their already elevated blood pressure. Patients with diabetes and gout have not been identified as being at risk for adverse reactions from the use of phenylephrine. A patient with an upper respiratory infection may actually benefit from use of the drug.Question 21 out of 1 pointsA nurse is admitting a Mexican woman to the hospital who cannot speak or understand English. The patient is alone, and there is no interpreter available. When trying to communicate with the patient the nurse willResponse Feedback:If an interpreter or translator is not available, the nurse should look at the patient, speak slowly, and use nonverbal communication to help the patient understand the message. Speaking loudly and usingexaggerated mouth movements only serve to intimidate or belittle the patient and should not be done.
Question 30 out of 1 pointsA nurse receives an order to administer a critically ill patient two drugs immediately (stat). The nurse begins the process byResponse Feedback:A nurse should always make sure that two or more drugs can be given at the same time before the administration process is begun. Incompatibility can affect absorption and distribution. Once the nurseis certain that the drugs are compatible, he or she should perform handwashing and prepare the medications for administration. The nurse should also identify the patient appropriately and ask about drug allergies prior to administering the medication.Question 41 out of 1 pointsFederal legislation dictates a lengthy and rigorous process of testing for new drugs. What is the primary purpose of this testing process?Response Feedback:Federal legislation protects the public from drugs that are impure, toxic, ineffective, or not tested before marketing. The primary purpose of federal legislation is to ensure safety. This consideration supersedes issues of legal liability, treatment options, and efficiency of health care delivery.