Les Miserables - Socratic Seminar Notes “Fantine”1.) Using examples from the novel, explain the meaning of the narrator’s statement “Ignominy thirsts for respect” (Hugo 13). How is this aphorism portrayed in Hugo’s novel? Where do you see examples of ignominy, and how can those who feel the stigma of shame find respect in society? Is it possible? What obstacles do they face?>>I think the meaning of the narrator’s statement “Ignominy thirsts for respect” (Hugo 13) is that when you have a bad reputation, you long for respect from others. I think Ignominy is either a deep personal humiliation or disgrace. Or it is dishonorable conduct. The entire quote is actually a two sentence metaphor "Monsieur a convict is a glass of water to a man dying of thirst at sea. Ignominy thirsts for respect"(Hugo 13) This means that those who do dishonorable things crave the respect of others.3.) Why does Fantine leave Cosette, and why do the Thenardiers take her in? Given her circumstances, is Fantine’s choice to foster her child justified? Discussthe pros and cons of her decision. (Okay to connect to modern-day single mothers and their choices.)>>Fantine leaves Cosette with the Thenardiers because her job does not allow her to have an illegitimate child and she can’t handle the expenses. Fantine cannot afford to take care of her herself, so she decides to leave Cosette at the Thenardiers' place after seeing how happy their children, Eponine and Azelma, are. The parents accept, but demand that Fantine pay them ten francs a month for taking care of the girl. Afterward, they begin to see Cosette as a burden, viewing her as a way to gain money each month; nothing more. As Fantine grows behind in her payments for months, Madame Thenardier decides to throw Cosette out a day later, when Jean Valjean comes along and takes her in.>>Fantine doesn't have the money to support Cosette, and she sees the Thenardiers' children playing (who looked very healthy) and the Thenardiers took Cosette in but made Fantine keep paying ridiculous amounts of money. Fantine leaves Cosette so thatshe can get a job and get more money for the two of them. She had every intention of taking her back from the Thenardiers, but couldn't, due to being fired. Worse than an animal.Cosette is forced to do all the menial chores in the household. She is up before dawn every morning. Her only dress is a ragged cast off from the Thenardier's children. She has never been given a gift, not even on Christmas. Mlle. Thenardier finds pleasure in physically abusing her and does so with the slightest inclination. Cosette is described with chilblains on her hands, lips blue with cold, and jutting bones. It is no wonder that "her whole person...expressed and uttered a single idea: fear." (Cosette, Book III, Ch. VIII).