Digital Presentation.pptx - THE IMPORTANCE OF LITERACY...

This preview shows page 1 - 5 out of 15 pages.

THE IMPORTANCE OF LITERACY Student ELM 305 June 30 th , 2018
Reading Education History in the U.S. During colonial times, children did not have reading material appropriate for their grade level. They read the Bible and some patriotic essays, as well as The New England Primer, published in the late 1680s (K-12 Academics 2018). In the mid-19 th century, Rebecca Smith Pollard created a sequential reading program of intensive phonics that came with a teacher’s manual and both spelling and reading books (K-12 Academics 2018). Reading programs became very focused on comprehension skills until the 1930s and 1940s. Phonics was not a major target and was taught sparingly as a tool of last resort (K-12 Academics 2018). In 1980s, the National Institute of Health conducted studies showing that reading acquisition began by recognizing letters and sounds (K-12 Academics 2018).
Importance of Literacy in Grades K-3 In early childhood education, students learn skills that are important to develop reading and writing in upcoming years (NCSL 2018). According to a study by Annie E. Casey Foundation, students who are not proficient in reading by the end of 3 rd grade, are four times more likely to drop out of high school (NCSL 2018). 3 rd grade is the last year in which students are learning to read, afterwards students will be reading to learn (NCSL 2018). During this years, students learn to use language to express their ideas, thoughts, and feelings and how to communicate them with others (NCSL 2018).
1. Phonemic Awareness

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture