Cebuano Visayan Dictionary.pdf - A DICTIONARY OF CEBUANO VISAYAN Volume II L Y A DICTIONARY OF CEBUANO VISAYAN Compiled by JOHN U WOLFF Volume II L-Y

Cebuano Visayan Dictionary.pdf - A DICTIONARY OF CEBUANO...

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Unformatted text preview: A DICTIONARY OF CEBUANO VISAYAN Volume II L - Y A DICTIONARY OF CEBUANO VISAYAN Compiled by JOHN U. WOLFF Volume II L-Y Cornell University, Southeast Asia Program and Linguistic Society of the Philippines 1972 Copyright © by Cornell University. Copyright is claimed until 1982. Thereafter, all portions of this work covered by this copyright will be in the public domain. Distributed in the Philippines by the Linguistic Society of the Philippines, and outside of the Philippines by the Southeast Asia Program, Cornell University. The work was developed under a contract with the United States Office of Education, Department of Health, Education and Welfare. However, the contract does not necessarily reflect the position or policy of that agency, and no official endorsement of these materials should be inferred. Publication of this work was aided by a grant from the Southeast Asia Program, Cornell University and by The Asia Society, New York City. L \SL1 = LAMANG (dialectal). la 2 n 1 la, the sixth note in the musical scale. 2 a syllable used in place of words forgotten when singing a song. la= LALAj 2 . laag v [A; ac] roam about for no special purpose, just for diversion. Atiia si Pidru sa syudad mildag, Pedro is downtown roaming about. Unsay imung ladgun didtu? Mangita napud kag away? What are you going to roam around there for? Are you looking for another fight? (-» a roving about, going nowhere in particular. Lagmit paangkan ang babdying laag, A woman that roams about is likely to get pregnant. Ang laag niyang panan-aw didtu mahiurung sa babdyi, His roving gaze stopped at the woman. v [B12] get to be a wanderer. -an(-» = LAAG. laang n 1 noose of a trap. Biraha ang laang inigtunub sa manuk, Pull the noose when the chicken steps in. l a any trap that has a noose. 2 stratagem designed to catch or trick s.o. Bab ay i ang gam ita nga laang pagsikup sa ispiyat Use a woman as a trap to snare the spy. v [A; a] 1 trap s.t. with a noose. Ladngun natung bdbuy, Let's trap the pig with a noose. 2 employ a trick to catch s.o. Di siya madiritsu ug dakup. Laangun giyud, He can't be caught easily. He should be trapped, -in- = LAANG, nl. laas v 1 [A; c] take a sword or rod and raise it. Naglaas ug sundang ang hurimintddu, The amok was brandishing a bolo. Gilaas sa tigulang ang iyang ulisi, The old man raised his cane in the air. 2 [A13;b6] go bare of protection. Naglaas ka lang nga tugnaw kadyu? Why aren't you dressed when it's so cold? laas v [A; a] 1 tear leaves or thin sheets lengthwise into strips. Mildas siyag papil para hhniiung bandirabandira, She tore some papers into strips to make into pennants. 2 tear, peel s.t. off from an attachment. Nakalaas ku sa bulsa sa iyang pulu, I accidentally tore the pocket off his shirt. Ang uban nga tdwu ladsun lang angpdnit sa handing, Some people just peel the skin off of goats. 2a remove the cloth-like sheathing of the coconut bud as the first step in tapping the toddy, n 1 the lower part of the leaves of the areca palm which sheathes the trunk. Maayu kadyung buhdtun ug sudlanan sa bugas ang mga laya nga Idas sa kdhuyng bunga, Several pieces of dry palm frond sheaths of the areca palm can be made into useful containers for rice or corn grits. 2 the covering cloth-like sheath of the coconut bud which grows from the sides of the bottom of the frond. laaw n stray cat. laay a 1 monotonous, wearingly boring. Laay kadyu ning wd tay buhat, It is so dull to be without anything to do. Laay kadyu ang pagpadbut, It is very boring just to wait around. 2 disgusting, disappointing in that one doesn't conform to what is expected of him. Ladya nbnu uy, ingun ka palitan ku nimug sapdtus, How disgusting! You promised to buy shoes for me (but you didn't). Kalday bay ang Nina, gipanabi diay niya ang dkung sikritu, How disgusting of Nina. She told my secret to everybody, v [B124;b4] be boring, feel bored. Nagkalaay na ning trabahua kay mu ra gihdpun, This work is getting boring because it is always the same thing. Mipauli na lang siya kay giladyan nag pinadbut nbnu, He just went home. He got tired of waiting for you. (-» n a variety of corn that takes a long time to mature, laaylaay v [A; b(l)] while away time or do s.t. for the meantime. Samtang magpadbut ku mulaaylaay lang kug gansilyu, While I'm waiting, I'll while away the time crocheting. Gilaaylaayan ku lang nig buhat, nahuman nagiyud, I just did this little by little during 537a 538 lab — labak my spare time, and now it's finished. ka-(-» = LAAYLAAY. ka- n boredom. lab n half of the number of points or one less half the number of points that make a tennis or pingpong game. (From the notion that when the one who is behind reaches half the number of points — usually ten points, that number is subtracted from the winner's points and the one behind is reckoned at zero. E.g. a score 12 to 10 is reckoned at dus lab instead of dusi dry is.) v [A; b6] for the one who is behind to get as far as the half-way point. Makaldb lang ku, sigurddu giyud hung makaagpas ug makadaug, If I can make it to love (ten points), I'm sure I can catch up and win. Siya ang kampiyun apart gUdban ku siya, He is the champion, but I was able to get ten points (out of twenty-one). lab 2 n lab. laba v 1 [A; b l ] wash clothing. Gilabban niya ang dkung pulu, She washed my shirt. Ang batu nga Hang gilabban, The stone where they do their washing. 2 [A;b] scold, talk against. Gilabban ka na sad sa imung bus? Did your boss give you a cussing out again? 3 [b(l)l be badly defeated. Gilabban ndmu ang Hang thn sa baskitbul, We trounced their team in basketball, -kara n washcloth, v [A; b] wash the face with a washcloth, labalaba v [A; bcl] work furiously, in a concentrated way. Atung labalab ah an pagpanday ang iskuylahan, Let's work furiously building the school. 2 keep scolding, ranting against, a done at a furious pace, labhanan n 1 dirty laundry. 2 place to do wash. 3 place to air grievances, labhunun = LABHANAN, nl. nilabhan (linabhan) n clean laundry. -bu«-) n lavatory, sink. -da«-) n laundry done for pay. v [AN; b5] take in wash, work off a debt by doing laundry. Naglabada (nanglabdda) na lang siya, She took in wash, labandira n washerwoman, v [B156; a] be a washerwoman. labandira n laundryman. -dur n basin. laba n stains, spots, uneven color. Anglaba sa tyang mga sinina wala makuha, We could not get the stains out of her dress, v [B; c l ] get stained, spotted in color. Mulaba (malaba) ang kulur sa sinina ug ibuwad kini sa init, The color of the dress will become uneven if it gets exposed to the sun. Ay aw nag labaa (ilaba) ug pintal, Don't paint it unevenly, labalaba v [B46] have splotches of lighter or darker hue, not evenly smooth. Naglabalaba ang sininang dikulur nga giladlad, The colored dress got splotched when it was bleached in the sun. laba2 = TAAS (dialectal). pa-«-) v [A; b6] do s.t. to enhance one's image in public. Kanang iyang pangbdtagkwarta nagpaldbd lang sa iyang papil, He gave money, but only to enhance his public image, n action of doing s.t. for the show and not with earnest intent. *l£b2Lsee KILABA. lababu see LABA. labad a 1 for the head to ache. Labad kadyu ang dkung ulu, I have a terrible headache. 2 giving a headache, problem. Labad kadyung tudluan. Bugu unya di pa maminaw, It's a real headache to teach him. He's stupid and on top of that, he won't listen. Angpagbdyad imung labad, It's your headache how to pay it off. v 1 [B46; b4j get, have a headache. Naglabad ning dkung ulu sa inyung kasdbd, I have a headache because of your noise. Lab dun (labarun) pa giyud ku ninyu dnang mga sulirdna, You still have to trouble me with those problems. Tumar ug aspirin ug lab dan ka sa ulu, Take aspirin if you have a headache. 2 [B12;b4] be mentally disturbed. Malabad siya basta higutman, He becomes deranged if he misses meals, labdunun a mentally disturbed, labdanan a prone to headaches. * labad pa- n 1 propeller of a plane or windmill. 2 toy propeller, v [a2] make into, install a propeller, labadlabad = PALABAD. labada see LABA labadur see LABA labadura n batter, v [A; a2] make a batter. labag, labag 72 1 a bundle of abaca fibers consisting of thirty-two smaller bunches (bituul). 2 any large bundle of threads or yarn, v [A; a] group fibers into bunches. Labdgun lang ning tingkal arun mahibaw-ag pilay abutun, Let's take this twine and group it in bundles so we know how much it amounts to. labag2 v [A; b(l)J wring water out. Gilabdgan sa mga sumasdkay ang ilang mga saput nga nabumud sa ddgat, The passengers of the boat wrung out the sea water from their wet clothes, -in- n s.t. wrung out. labaha n straight razor, v [A; b] shave s.o. with a straight razor. Mubui ang tingkuy pint ayaw lababdi, Make the nape short, but don't shave it. paN- v [A2] shave oneself with a straight razor. labak v [A; c] 1 throw s.t. hard on the ground. Nakalabak na baya kag dagbang pldtu. Tingdlig mahurut ni, You've already thrown down a lot of plates. No doubt you intend to break all of them. 2 throw s.t. away. Ayaw nag ilabak, dku na lang, Don't labak — lab-ang throw that away. Let me have it. 3 [ A ; a l b2] spank with open palm. Nakalabak ku sa iyang samput, I spanked her on the buttocks. labak v [B26] for a sore or an infected wound to be opened wide. Mildbak (naldbak) ang iyang bubag nga gitambdlan nidnang tambdla, Her boil opened wide when that medicine was put on it. lab-ak v 1 [AB; a] get to have spaces or omissions in between; cause s.t. to do so, skip. Mulab-ak lang kugpila ka kldsi arun ku masayu, I will just skip some classes so I can get home early. Nakalab-ak kug usa ka linya sa dkung pakigpulung, I accidentally left out a line in my speech. Gilab-akan niyaang tulu ka balay una siya mubunung, He passed up three houses before he stopped. Kir ning pula ilab-ak nimu sa putt, Intersperse these red things between the white ones. l a for colors to get uneven. Mulab-ak ang kulur sa sinina ug ibulad sa init, The dress will get uneven in color (with dark interspersed with light) if you dry it in the sun. 2 [A; b7cl] go beyond a measure, too far or too deeply. Ang karsdda milab-ak ug usa ka mitru sa dmungyutd, The road encroaches onto one meter of our land. Pasaylua ku kay nakalab-ak kug sulti ganina, Please forgive me for having spoken beyond the bounds of decency a while ago. Gilab-ak nir yapaghiwa ang iyang bdbin sa kik, He sliced a bigger portion of the cake for himself than for others, a 1 having spaces or omissions in between. Lab-ak nga pagkakural, Fencing with the posts put too far apart, l a being uneven in color. 2 cut too deeply, gone over the mark or limits, n space left, area beyond which one has gone. labakara se<? LABA. laban (from labi) greater in number, size, intensity, ka-an, ka-an«-) w^most of a number of. Kalabanan (kalabdnan) sa mga Pilipinu mugbu, Most Filipinos are short, v 1 [B3; b 2c 1] exceed, be more. Mulaban (malaban) sa uras ang iyang paglakaw nganhi, It will take more than an hour for him to get here. Hinglabanan na sad nang imung bisyu, Your vices have gone beyond the limits of tolerance. 2 [b2P] do s.t. excessively. Ay aw ug palabani (labani) ug lata ang tinulang karni, Do not cook the meat overly soft. laban v 1 [A; b] take sides with. Mulaban ku nimu ug hustu ka, 111 go to your defense if you are right. Gilabdnan sa Yuis ang Israil, The U.S. took sides with Israel, l a — sa nigusyu cooperate in making a business do well. Dunay mga tindirang dill mulaban sa 539 nigusyu sa ilang agdwunt Some salesgirls do not do anything to help their master's business. 2 [A; b(l)] defend s.o. in a lawsuit. Si Aturni Katunggal ang mulaban sa dkung kdsu, Attorney Catunggal is defending me in a lawsuit. 2a [A;b] defend one's honor, uphold the stand he has taken. Nagldban lang ku sa dkung dungug sa pagpatay ku nir ya, I killed him in defense of my honor. Gilabanan niyaang iyang barugdnan, He stood by his principles. paN- v be a lawyer by occupation, n occupation of lawyer. -an(->) a tending to take sides with one's child or other person in whom one is interested. Ayg pakig-dway dnang bat-ana kay labanan ra ba kadyu nag inaban, Don't quarrel with that child because his mother tends to take sides with him. v [B126] become one who mixes in quarrels. maN-r- n attorney. lab-an = LABAN. labana = GWAYABANU. labandiru, -usee LABA. labang v 1 [A; b5c] cross s.t., go across, bring across. Mulabang na tat rid layit na, Let's cross now. It's red light. Labangun pa nimu ang pitu ka lawud usa ku nimu maangkun, You cannot have me (lit. you have to cross seven seas before you can possess me). Ilabang siya ngadtu sa pikas, Bring her across the street. 2 [A2; b8] pass examinations. Gamay ra ang m ilabang sapasulit sa pagkaduktur, Only a few people passed the doctor's examination. 3 [A; b5] come through a crisis. Labangun (labangan) pa nimu ang tumang kaguul, You will have to pass through great sorrow. 4 [A; b] surpass. Labangan pa kunu niyaang rikurd niSulayman, She says she will beat Sulaiman's record. Ay aw ilabang sa napulu ang imung pagkuha, Don't take more than ten. n place across from s.t, Ang ilang baul nda sa labang sa sapa, Their field is across the river. — pa, sa further than, more than. Labang pa nidna ang dkung bubdtun ug tagdan kug higayun, I'll do more than that if I'm given the chance. —, -un ugpitu ka lawud may it not happen, may it be impossible (lit. have to cross seven seas to commit). Simbaku. Labangun (ilabang) ug pitu ka lawud nga mamatay, God forbid. Let it not happen that he die! -unun«-) n things one has to surmount, trials to which one is put. -anan«-), labnganan n place one crosses. lab-ang v [A; ab] pass over, miss.Milab-ang siyag usa ka dahun sa iyang gibdsa, He skipped a page of what he was reading. Lab-ang ug usa ka parapu, Skip one paragraph, n amount missed, interval. 540 labanus — labay labanus n radishes. The white (Chinese) radishes are the variety most commonly grown in Cebu. labas (horn lab-as) v [AN;a2c] vend or peddle fish that one has bought (usually from the fisherman). Naglabas lang ang iyang anak una kay wa pa makasulud ug trababu, Her daughter works buying and selling fish for the while because she doesn't have a job. Ilabas ring akung kuba, Peddle my catch. -ira female fish vendor, -fru = LABASIRA (male). labas- = GULA (used only by speakers strongly influenced by Tagalog). pa- n boast, ostentatious display. Ayaw tug tuubi ang iyang bilak, palabas lang tu, Don't pay attention to his crying fit. That was just a put-on. labas3 v [A; ab7l spend entrusted money for oneself. GUabasan hug dtyutay ang *mung gibilin naku, I used some of the money you had me keep for you. lab-as a 1 for s.t. quickly perishable to be fresh. Lab-as nga bangin, Fresh air. Lab-as nga balita, Fresh news. Lab-as nga bulak, Fresh flowers. Lab-as isda, Fresh fish. 2 fresh in manner. Lab-as ra kadyu nang tmung panlibuklihuk, Your actions are very fresh, n fresh fish. Musuruy siyag lab-as kada buntag, She peddles fresh fish every morning, v 1 [B2] be fresh. 2 [AB2; al2] make s.t. fresh to one's mind. Mga bandumanan nga naglab-as sa atung kagabapun, Memories that keep our past fresh, nilab-as a in a fresh way. v [all do s.t. in a fresh way. GinUab-as ku niyag pangutana, He asked me in a disrespectful way. -ira n female fish vendor, v [Bl; a 12] be a fish vendor, -mi = LAB-ASIRA (male). labat n 1 fence. 2 patches made in clothing, walls, fence. Ang labat sa iyang karsunis lainlain ang kulur, The patches on his pants are of various colors, v [ A; b5] 1 put up a fence. SiAngi ang mUabat sa amung gardin, Angi fenced our garden. Labatun (labatan) nakug haw ayan ang bakUid sa amung kalubihan, I will fence the sloping part of our coconut plantation with bamboo slats. 2 repair a hole by filling or patching it. labatlabat n 1 rough and hurried mending. 2 makeshift fence or barrier, v [A; b5] 1 put up a temporary fence. 2 make coarse, temporary repairs. GUabatlabatan lang namu ug mga pinunit nga kahuy ang nagubang kural, We patched up the broken fence with whatever pieces of wood we found. Atu lang ning labatlabatang karsunis, We'll just do quick patchwork on these trousers. labatfba n 1 enema. 2 the apparatus used to give an enema, v [A;b] give s.o. an enema. Labatibaban ta kag di ka malibang, If you don't have a B.M. I'll give you an enema. labaw v 1 [B3; c] jut out higher than s.t., stick out farther from the margin or limit. Milabaw ang iyang ulu sa mga tawu, His head jutted above the crowd. Naglabaw ang imung kamisun, Your slip is showing. Vabaw ang antina sa mga atup, Put the antenna higher than the rooftops. 2 [B3; b] be more, over in degree, number. Way makalabaw sa iyang kabingatag, No one can surpass his generosity. Labwan naku ang imung kininhas, I'll gather more shells than you did. 3 be ahead in a contest. Isaka ang pusta ug mulabaw ta, Raise the bet if we are ahead. 4 prevail over. MUabaw ang akung gugma sa kayugut niyat My love for her prevailed over my hate, a 1 sticking out from the general level or margin. Putla ang mga labaw, Cut off the ones sticking up above the rest. 2 more, over in degree or number. Labaw sryang datu kay kanamu, He is much richer than us. 3 ahead in a contest, n 1 amount s.o. is ahead. Pilay labaw sa imung kuntra? How many points is your opponent ahead of you? 2 superior, boss. 3 —pa, sa in addition to, beyond. Hatagan kag prvnyu, ug labaw pa nidna, makabyabi ka, You will be given a prize, and in addition to that, you can travel. Buutan srya, utukan, ug labaw sa tanan, gwapa, She is good, brainy, and above all else, she is pretty, pa(<•) v 1 [C; b3] try to outdo one another, vie with s.o. Nagpalabaw sila sa bambug, They try to outdo each other with their big talk. Unsa may inyung gipalabawan nga nagpangbugyaw man mu? You must be having some sort of a contest that you're shouting so much. 2 [A12C2; b5c] play a game of any sort whereby the one who gets the highest number wins. Nagpalabaw sila arun sa pag-ila kxing kinsay musugud sa duwa, They drew cards to determine who will start the game, n s.t. done to outdo s.o., e.g. action of winning by getting the highest number, palabwanay = PALABAW. labay v 1 [A2; a] go, pass by s.t., bring s.t. by s.w. MUabay lang ku, wa ku muhapit, I just passed by, I didn't drop in. Nakalabay na ba ang dyip? Has the jeep passed by yet? Labyun ku unya tung akung nalimtan sa inyu, I'll come by to get the thing I forgot at your house. Gilabyan lang ku nbnu, You just passed by me. Ilab ay kining sud-an unya sa ila, Bring this food by to them on your way. 2 [b(l)] pass over, bypass. Gilab- labay — labi yan mya ang akung ngalan sapagpanghimug prumusyun, He passed my name over when he made the list of promotions. 3 [A2] for time to pzss. Milabay ang daghang katuigan, Years passed, a passing, short-lived. Labay lang ning bangina kay unus man, This strong wind is only temporary. It is just a squall. pa- v [A; cl] let s.t. pass by. Magpalabay ku sa akung kasuku una ku muuli, I will let my anger pass before I go home. Palabyun (ipalabay) lang tu ndkung iyang sulti, I just won't mind what she says. -um-i>, -um-r-(0 n 1 people passing back and forth. 2 passing, transient. — pa 1 beyond. Ang Ua labay pa sa pusti, Their place is just beyond the post. 2 in addition, even more. Madyu siyang mutrabdhu, labay pa musayu siyag anhi, He works well and furthermore, he comes early. 'Duba ka tuig ka didtu sa Amirika?' — 'Labay pa\ 'You were two years in the States?' — 'More than that.' 3 surely, even more than sure. 'Makapasar kaha ka?' — 'Labay pa/ 'Do you think you can pass?' — 'Most assuredly.' labay v 1 [A; ac] throw at. Labdyun tikawg hanggranid anbndla ka, I'll throw a hand grenade at you, you beast. Labayi tag duba ka buuk bit Throw me down a couple. lldbay kanaku ang bula, Throw me the ball. la [A; c] throw away. Ilabay ang mga lata, Throw away the spoiled fruits, l b throw, discard in a card game. 2 [A; c] assign to a remote place. Way lain makaldbay sa mga impliyddu ngadtu sa layu gawas sa supirintindinti, No one can assign the employees to a remote plac...
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