486 breast implants - Johanna Slotnick Breast Implants...

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Johanna Slotnick Breast Implants Social Amplification explains how events pertaining to hazards interact with and affect various aspects of daily life and can shape (whether heighten or calm) our perceptions and responsive behaviors. These effects in turn can have a permanent impact on multiple institutions and outlooks, which can then lead to the demand for action. Those who collect information, share that information and create an active proposal for a solution are considered amplification stations (Kasperson, 1992.) Groups and individuals in society function as potential "amplification stations," and each have the ability to generate activity that may lead to media coverage and public awareness or response. Actions by social groups play an important role in public attention to issues, (often induced by the media coverage,) and consequent ripple effects. Nelkin (1994) further describes how in the case of the silicon breast implants, many physicians and medical professionals were outraged by the overblown stories the media entertained, similarly to past situations such as the exaggerated damages done (to people) be the Three mile Island case (Nelkin, 1994.) Dr. Thomas Hoban, PhD (1995), in a study focusing on relevance to “biotechnology issues” (Hoban, 1995,) explained that when public groups, individuals and organizations become involved, the issue may move from a scientific issue of interest mainly to researchers and scientists to a social issue in which many groups in society push their views. When this happens, and a scientific research topic becomes a social issue, both the variety of people concerned and the extent of their apprehension expand. The scientific community is concerned with technical and factual innovation and safety, while societal groups often delve into concerns about political, economic, and especially moral aspects (Hoban, 1995.) As Kasperson sums up, a concerned public, active media coverage, a feared risk and active opposition all contribute to the social amplification of risk (Kasperson, 1992, p174.) Renowned British philosopher, critic and writer, George Lewes remarked “We must never assume that which is incapable of proof.” People often make assumptions when it comes to cause and effect relationships, and often these assumptions come out of fear. Frequently, the most obvious answer is the correct one; other times these suppositions can be unfounded. Whether the outcome of the situation proves the guesses right or wrong, any hasty decision can have negative outcomes. In the past case of mass panic by those with silicon breast implants, women nationwide filled with fear and rage because a plan to do research was announced in such a way that these women felt in danger. While it is entirely possible that silicon leakage could create problematic results in
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486 breast implants - Johanna Slotnick Breast Implants...

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