HSA 3111 Chapter 1 & 2 Review.docx - Chapter 1 1...

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Chapter 1 1. Epidemiology, sociology, microbiology, anthropology. Epidemiology the study of the nature, cause, control, and frequency of disease, disability, and death in human populations. Also the study of the history of disease and its distribution throughout a society (public health) Sociology the study of the development, structure, and functioning of human society. Microbiology the branch of science that deals with microorganisms. Anthropology the study of human societies and cultures and their development. 2. Healthcare industry employment statistics. Relation to demographic trends (elderly). Direct patient care. 22% of the new jobs created between 2008 and 2018 will be in health services. Relation to demographic trends (elderly). Direct patient care. An aging population: Between 2010 and 2030, 76 million will reach age 65. Increases demand for home health care and geriatric care. Quality of life becomes a major factor. Need for preventive health care. Need for exercise, diet, and alternative treatments. 3. Geriatric care Healthcare of elderly people. 4. Census data trends on ethnic and racial composition, age. According to data release in 2010, the U.S. population had grown to 301.2 million residents in 2008. The black population has increased faster than the total population. The Hispanic population has nearly doubled since 1990. The Hispanic population is also younger than the total population. 5.How is health impacted by genetics, income, profession, education, geography? 6. Healthcare facilities.
Hospitals, nursing and residential care facilities, practitioners’ offices, long term care, mental health, public health. 7. Patient-centered healthcare. Providing care that is respectful of and responsive to individual patient preferences, needs and values, and ensuring that patient values guide all clinical decisions. 8. National healthcare system. Is a legally enforced scheme of health insurance that insures a national population against the costs of healthcare. 9. Healthcare expenditures in the US. 17-18%

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