L & S Ch.5.9.11.12.pdf - A n im CO N N ECT l C a tio c a o m m u ni n t o t h e t o p ic f id e a s w h ile u m b e r o n n lte n m i n g ly I ie n

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Unformatted text preview: 叼 A n im 一 CO N N ECT l C a tio c a o m m u ni n t o t h e t o p ic f id e a s , w h ile u m b e r o n ń n lte n m i n g ly I ie n ti s t s h a v e l o n u n ic a te a s e e b e l i v m m e e d t h a c a n c o t h u m a n s r to h a v e fa r 8 a ıe ap p e a se ? A n im a n im a ls ca n e x c t u a l ly t h e c a a h i s r e s s o i s t n l r u d i m a a s e n t r i d e o rd e r to u n ra vel p y y n k th a t in hers n ow th i m o r e s o p h i s tic a te d a b il itie s t h a n w a s o n c e b e l ie v e d a n i m a ı s a n d Sc . B u t s . th e m y s te r ie s o f a n im a l c o m m u n ic a t io n c o m m u n ic a t e i n A w , e m u s ū t m o r s t a e r e n a e s e r s w c r i s t h u q e h o D : n s t i o s n a m u th e s a m e w a y ? T H IN K A B O U T IT Ta n ica t ıo n k e t h is s u r v e y a b o u t a n im a ı c o m m u a n d t h in k o f re a so n s o r e x a m p le s t o s u p p o r t t h e m . T h n e c o m p a r w e he C . it h re s p o n se s y o u r c k ( n e r p a rt a . Ag * A n a ls i m ïm c o m m u n ic a t e i n m a n y d if f e r e n t w a s y . a ıs c a n u se s i m p l e w o r d s ' i t r l T m m u n T U N E IN The L is t e w ?n ı l . qaTetai l yt ń J. sa m e a s h u m n co m m u ' " t i . n î b a s e d o n t h e d i s c u s s i o n . C o m 1 H o s t A n d y D a v i s t h i n k s d o g s a r e l o y a l p e ts / fu n a n im gre 2 W a t c o m p a n io n s a lt h a m 3 The do 5 The 6 W C - a lth a m w a ggin 82 P A I R W O R K W it h UNIT 9 a ls / g o o d c o m . I de o n I ' " Ĵ d o g s . p a rtn e r m u n ic a to r s . a n d . d o g s / d o g s a n s u n d e r s t a n d d o g s / u n d e r s t a n d . , i t w a g s i t s t a i l t o t h v r is th e r e s u lt o f tr a in in g / b r a in g b eh a io is ce r ta in c o m ◆ u n ic a t i o n 勃 h u m d is c u s s e d is a b o u t h o w n a d o g h a s a n e g a tiv e e x p e r ie n c e ta il , - . n s g s u n d e rs ta n d h u m a 4 W he . p a r e a n s w e r s w it h a i s a (n ) a n i m a l p s y c h i c / d o g l i s t e n e r / a n i m a l b e h a v i o r i s t r e s e a r c h . re s e a rc h a b o u t n e w n t o a d i s c u s s i o n w i t h p a t r i c e w a lt h a m n c ir c le t h e b e s t a n s w e r, j jĺ į u ıt a n i m a ıs t e a c h t h e i r y o u n g t o c o m m u n i Ea D is a g re e re e / u n s u r e e l e f t / t o s t r u c tu r e ab o u t th e v a lu e o f t h is r e s e a r c h t h e r i g h t / u . . a p a r t n e t h in k o f p o s s i b le b e n e f it s o f u n d e r s t a n d i n g a n i m a ı n t if y t h re e b e n e f its . T he n s h a r e w it h t h e c l a s s , p a n d d o w n . ı 됩自 阴目 唱 自 明 吧司 / TtȘ ES L EA R N IN G O U T C O M ın n ce e a ch s e n t e 2 Ev . The w ay 6 so t h , y a ls m o u n g b n e x ib l e s s l e a r n t o s i n l i k g e t h e i r , i f y o u s a y , o is o k t m p a r e n y n e w h a , s i r s w o t e y le to u s e n o cle a r g r a m m a r r u le s ab ilit y a ı s c a n to c o m m u n ic a te w ith n s n i d e n ,i m n f r n M k ľ l s t r e s s Ľ t ,m l y c r n p h n c o n d n t r f s t r o $ t $ n ı i n ı 1 ı s u g I t i s t i c \ n t l u w o r t l t, e e x i c t ev i i n , t s i n ,1 p a rtn e r ı ı is t e L . , ı i o t r p u s , I h e ,t o s o l l r p e E n l i s g h t h , a l l n o y e . l i t tı e d i f fe r e n t is a i n p w e t h o n e a n o th e r p itc h - o r F . o r x e a d pa it p le m e d s o u n d e x c it e m e n t , . d i f fe r e n t w a y s m a n y s a m e th in g in u w o f b ir d s In . th is n u m b e r o f id e a s . s e v e r a l h u n d r e d w o r d s n d d o w n in a n r Fo r . e x c ite d n w d w h e n h e e r s r e t a t o n d w e lo o k l o a e o k c h o t h e . . a t g r a m m a r , A n m a im a l s . c o m m u n ic a te w e ll w ith in h u m a n s i s q u ite l i m i te d . u . . They ju m p u p a u , th e ir o w n s p e c ie s , u l d t e l y , t h e i r . r u o ・ l t i l n n t o . k y i ł p r f o r t ı\ı . im p r e s s iv e . n ì o r c ı r c p i s l ı n ı v s E u $u m m an d ew " o s t a l l a n i m a l c o m m u n ic a t i o n s e e m s ra n d o m 1 0 A lth o u g h s o m e a n i m ı . fa i r l y p r e c i s e a t p ı n iz e r e c o g n u n c i a t io n th a t s o m e ch im p s u n d e r s ta n d ° L h l a r i s o ı k t ı l, l n i ı s t r i tl e n t i f y o r k w it h a to th e y o u n g e r g e n e r a d o n ta u g h t to e x p r e s s a n w a e i r t a i l s q u ic k ly g th c o m m u n i c a t io n e x a m p le s ee m H is p r o . Fo r i n s ta n c e . w . a k i n g c o u n try s e x p r e s s h a p p in e s s u s in g n o n v e r b a l b e h a v i o r u m a n 9 A lm a c ce n t pe - o ld e r b ir d s a r e p a s s e d o n i r d t t c o rn m u ı ı i c pe o p le c a n s a y th e . m l i c u r \ e ı = a k e m e a n in g f u l s o u n d s t h a t a r e d i s ti n c t fr o m c h i m p a n z e e s h a v e b e e n a n d r t u r n o tr s tu s o u n d s o s t p e o p le a re s u rp ris e d to le a r n w a y t n o r r m a n a n E n l is h g d is cr e te l a n g u a g e s a r e v e r y e ・ t i w u y s ・ i n s ı ( g a n o lr ı n i o n h e d s o u n d m ay c o m m u n ica te a n e r a n d a h i h g g s o n g s u s e d b y m e 7 Dog 8 H p itc u m a n 5 Th e M - o h = ıı t h e w o r d t a i l a r e p r o n o u n c e d i n d i f fe r e n t w a s y 3 Som e a n im 4 H u p in l a n g u a g e h a s m a n y a n d t in a low ıt n g u e ss t h e m e a n ın g o f t h e b o ıd fa ce d w o rd s om e o n e w h o g r ew e r y s b o ld f a c e d w o rd s a r e f r o m t h e u n ıt ı e ct u re o n a n im a ı co m m u n ic a t ıo n 1 G e rh a r d s p e a k s E n g lis h w ith a s lig h t G e fr o m ,7 r p s t \r t t = o , c o e n t i t y i d in Ř LIS T EN The t ı t i \ u r1 i t = t f ı ı ı i m i l l ı n e t u r ı e[ ı t ï 1 o t ' f l ı r i ı m ł ı e ı ı l e ł W B wi j ' y + 》 T R Y IT M a tch a c re te d is t i n c t ― No f ıe Rlb ıe g v ıo r n o nv e rb a ı b e h a e g e n e r a tio n h p re d se f ı m p r e s s iv e 4 e x p re s s in g m e a n in g w ith o u t w o rd s S a g ro u p o f p e o p le b o r n a r o u n d t h e s a m e ti m e 6 e x a ct 7 th e w a y a p e r s o n p ro n o u n ce s w o rd s 9 e x is tin g in 0 c le a rl y d i f fe r e n t o r s e p a r a te . w it e r N if it is a n o u n , a n į A i f it i s a n a d j e c t lv e 1 a c c en t 6 im p r e s s iv e 2 d is c 7 n o n v e rb a l b e h av io r 3 dis tin 8 p r e c is e 4 fle x ib l e 9 ra n d o m 5 gen r e te c t 1 0 e r a tio n a p a r t n e r, No t ic e t h e b o ld f a c e d w o rd s u d o n n d e r s t a n d . T r e o r d e r t h e w o r ds t o m a k e c o m p le t e s e n t e n c e s he n t a k e t u r n s s a y i n g t h e s e n t e n c e s . Re v ie w / s o p h is tica te d / ca n c o n v e y / to / a n o th e r / o n e . )u m e a n im a ls c a n 4 Th e s o u n d s t h a t a n i m a l s m a k e (p a s t / t o / n o t / e v e n t s / r e f e r / d o 5 Th e r e i s (n o t h i n g / m e a n i n g / t h e / a b o u t / a r b i t r a r y ) o f a l i o n 6 Bo t h a n i m a l s a n d p e o p l e (o f / r a n g e / u s e / w i d e / a ) n o n v e r b a l b e h a v i o r 7 pe ople c a n s in g v a r io u s m e a n s e x p r e s s (o f / t h e / p e r c e p t i o n s / w o r l d / t h e i r ) f a i r l y p r e c i s e l y n u m b e r / u n l im ite d / s e n te n c e s / a n p r o d u c e ( m m ar o f th eir la n g u a ge 8 A n i m a l s d o n o t (c a p a c i t y 9 A n im a l c o m m u n i c a ti o n U N 1T 9 . a n y w o rd s 3 So n n u se e a ch . n i m a l s (i n f o r ı n a t i o n 10 C h il d r e he u ltim a te m e p e o p l e (t h a t / c o m m u n i c a t e / t h e y / b e l i e v e / c a n / w i t h ) a n i m a l s gr a T . . yo 2 A u n p r e d ic ta b le a w a y t h a t s e e m s to b e w ith o u t r e a s o n s a y e a c h w o r d t o y o u r s e ıf 1 So e ac h o th e r fi nal l y th e e n d u ra n d o m u ıt lm a t* ly o n w h en s o m e th in e s a d m ir a ti g m a k e a a s t r o n g l m p r e s s lo n o r c a u s t ' . ı 3 P A I R W O R K W it h 84 d w h e n id e a s o r t h in s a r e s e a r a te f ro m g p ' . , 2 w o r d in a s e n t e n c e ı r あ% i\ i》 u a b l e to c h a n e o r b e c h a n e d e a s i l g g y 1 w t d e f ı n ıd o n , i* ı # 1 8 in ― e a ch w o rd t o th e co r r « a cce n t b d ix i * ł Ët 《 . ) . ' s r o a r . . / o f) b y u s in g t h e w o r d s a n d . / g r a m m a r / h a v e / u s i n g / fo r / th e ) s e e m s (l i m i t e d / c o m p a r e d / w h e n r e / a t / a cq u iń n g / a c ce n t / s k ille d ) u s e d in (t h e / a . / v e ry / t ò ) h u m a n s p e e c h th e ir s o c ia l c o m m u n it y . . . q FO C U com S yo u r a t t e n t io n ris o n s a n d C o n t ra s t s pa le c t u r e th a t i n c l u d e s c o m p a ń s a n s a n d c o n t [ B s B t , UA G LA N G łik e w is e a m e wey i tr t h e s a s w fth as n ・ ・ 国 i m p o r t a n t t o n o te h o w i te m s n r e E U S ED T O ı N D ı C A T E S ı M ILA R ıTı ES O R C O M PA R ı s o N S «* ie ・ it i s 君 o m e s l m l la r m a n n e r . . . t o my . s . b o Bu t o w i th b o th a ls o s im ila r t o ł s l m l ı a rl y e ls o . . . E d n . . . p a ra lle ls i n łl k e f a s h io n G E U S E D T O ı N D ı C A T E D I FF E R E N C E S O R C O N T LA N G U A R A ST S o but m o re ( M a r 加 we v e r wheıea s s e ly conve r d rf l e r e n t l r o m w hile le s s m a n ) . Th e o ¢ he r ha nd I n c o n t ra s t u n l ŕk e a l th o u g h to c o n tr a s t tw o o r m o r e ite m s i s to n o te ne w ay th e s im ila r itie s a n d d if k r e n c e s s e p a r a te ly I( o q c m o e x An . ° po o pa i r g m ı t r n ca i S p° r r o w f t e ' WOr Jf " ı by ıT h i oth e r w a y is to n o te e a ch t aĦ p f $ if i ng t b e i r fe e t i qe! " + m ı ı6 o o J e o f E Xa me A T R Y IT Ta k e Lıs t c o m ı' o rg a n iz e B PA I R W O R K c o y " t h e m s o n t f t łł m " e n t o a n e x ce rp t f ro m n o t e s a n d o mm u » ! p o in t o f co m p a r is o n n Łtl n i c a t i o n w o pJ f c aw a Ka H . e n i ca t e ı i n t h i í i í m y fe e t a d is c u s s i o n o n t w o . c 杉 + ı ıß e ca r e f . i ! " f i n g in g t e p r i+ o r ee c a pe f u l ! " m o d e s o f a n im a ı c o m m u n ic a t io n t h a t t h e c o m p a ris o n s a n d m p a r e n o t e s w it h a p a r t n e r u ! o Spappol ı f pa + f t h e i r ng i . « T i ng ı WOrJf " " b o ve y a n d c o n tr a s t s e p a r a te ly p f A x . a r o o by co n t ra st s a re d e a r . . a n y o u im p ro v e y o u r n o te s ? A n im a l C o m m u n ic a tio n ı 8 5 W A Tc H t h e A ıe c t u r e T H IN K A B O U T IT Yo a n ım a ı c o m m u n i c a t io n . u re o n u a re a b o u t t o w a t c h t h e u n ıt le c t ıc a t e t h r e e w a y s t h a t a n lm a ıs co m m u n Ust B L I S T E N F O R M A I N I D E A S C lo C C H E C K Y O U R U N D E R S T A N D IN G Use ba s e d o n t h e ıe c t u r e 1 L ik e h u m a a n s , a n i m T i se y o u r b o o k W . . o te s n d ta ke n a t ch t h e le ct u re a n ote s y o u r . Cho n s w e r, o se t h e b e st a . a ls to c o m m u n ic a te u se b oth sou n d s a n d n o n v erb a l b c r e s g e s tu w o r d s a n d u m a n a old er c o m m u n ic a tio n th a n is b 3 is a n d its m e a n in g a . s e n te n c e s a n d ic a t io n a n im a l c o m m u n c m o r e fl e x ib l e . m o r e d ir e c t tw e e n o f a lo g ic a l r e la tio n sh ip b e d e fi n e d a s th e l a c k a s o u n d . A rb itr a r in e s s b 4 T h e a b il it y t o c o m m u n ic a te c D ist a n ce T r a n s m is s io n ab ou t th in g s th a t a r e n o t p h y s ica lly p r e s e n t is c a lle d b a b str a ct io n a 5 Bee b th e ir r e la tio n s h ip a w it h 6 The i d e a t h a t l a n g u a g e i s p a s s e d fr o m b co m b in e d in 86 D b L I S T E N F O R D E T A I L S C ıo yo th e p r e s e n ce u r n o t e s a n d co rre ct a n y UNIT 9 c th e l o c a t io n o n e g e n e r a tio n to th e n e x t is c a lle d c u ltu r a l tr a n sm is s io n c d is p la c e m e n t o f s e p a r a te u n it s th a t c a n Ph on olo g y se y o u r b o o k m ist a k e s . ł . W a t c o f a fo o d s o u r c e . D i s c r e te n e s s a @ m a n y w ay s d is p l a c e m ab o u t m e a n s th a t la n g u a g e is m a d e u p 7 e n t c o f e n e m ie s o th e r b e e s c o m m u n ic a tio n a c o m p l e x it y s a r e a b l e t o u s e d a n c e s to c o m m u n i c a t e i n fo r m a t i o n c h the fa c i a l e x p re s sio n s c o m m u n ica tio n 2 H . ıe ct u r e a g a in . A V o c ab u l a r y dd de t a iıs t o b e ¢r E C H E C K Y O U R U N D E R S T A N D I N G U se o n t h e ıe ct u re y o u r n o te s . Co m p le t e t h e s e n t e n c e s a cc e n t s d ist i n c t m e a n in s g s o p h is t ic a t i o n a r b it ra ry g ra m m a r so u n d s d is c r e p h ra se s d is p 1 Th 2 M h t e n e ss ıa c e m e n t b a s e d s c ie n t i s t s e g r ow l o f a n a n g r y d o g illu s tr a te s th a t m u ch e e rk at s a re u n u su a l a n im a l s b ec a u se th e y o f a n im a l co m m u n ic a tio n a r e a b le to i s n o t u s e a b o u t 2 0 s o u n d s th a t av e 3 Hu m a n l a n g u a g e s a re v e ry fle x ib l e b e c a u s e th e y a r e m 4 T h a t d o g s o n ly e x p r e s s d i s l i k e o f c a t s w h e n a c a t i s p hav 5 Th e th e c a p a c ity 6 Be o f a w id e r a n g e o f r e s e n t i n d ic a t e s th a t d o g s d o n o t e m e a n in g o f b e e d a n c e s i s so p r e ci se th a t ev en e d a n c e s p ro v id e a n a n im a l c o m m u n ic a tio n 7 K ille r w h a le s a th e ir 8 C h im 9 C h im hu a d e u p fo r u n d e r s ta n d w h e r e th e fo o d is lo c a te d ı u , . m H u m y o u n g r e e x c e lle n t e x a m p le o f th e _ f o . u n u s u a l in t h e i r a b il it y to p a s s on to . p a n z e e s h a v e d i s p la y e d a n a b i l it y to in v e n t n e w p a n z e e s a re u n a b le to u n d e rs ta n d a n d u s e a n s d o ca n . . In . th e w a y th a t . a n s h a v e a h u g e a d v a n ta g e o v e r a n im a l s b e c a u s e o f th e h u m a n a b ility to u s e An im a l C o m m u n ic a t io n ı 8 7 HEA R t he Re m ıa n g u a g e e m b e r t h a t s e a k e r s s e a k i n th o u h t m u s p p p g g e rs t ap e a k o f th a e n e w In fo r m a t i o n t h a t l . l' " r s ig n a e sp eo ke w o rd s , t h e m n s o fo r m a tio n b i n s s s t r e g u c n n o fte y p la c i n g s B e s s o n h y w o r d a By o r d s , yo e ea e d w t r e h e t a n l r t h e l i s t e n e r w h a t t o a a t t e n t i o n t o Ev e n i F y o u c a n h e a y p y ' c o n s t r u c t t h e s e a k e r s ide a p in . . . E X A M P LE S The Bu l No A u n d e rlin e d w o rd s a r e st r esse d ïn th e se e x a m p ıe s do a n i ma ł s w, t l r s t c L Is T EN yo a r a c ł e l i s t en The u h e a r, 1 (3) F o h c o m m u n i c a te ı r i s l l c w e / I t o w e do? k o a t i s a r b łt r a r l n e s s . n u m b e r o f s t re s s e d w o r d s ıs ın p a re n t h e s e s r in sta n ce 2 (2 ) Spec i f i c al l y , a , n t h d e e y x t h r e s s p e i r ı w e 1 1 u s e f o u r b a c h s i c a r a de v elop e d co m p a r iso n 5 (1 ) F o r e x a m p le 9 (1 ) I n a , a lo t t h u a m n c o m f th e . s e e h o w la n g u a g e to a n im a l . m u n f a i s t i o n i c a r o m r e f l e x i b d bette r n a l e sm a ll A fr ic a n a n im al c a n m a ' la n g u a g e w e l l c o m p o u n d s ab o u t 20 d is t in c t s ke a e in s g r o u p Di s c , a n d d i ff e r e n re ten e s s , w e s e . r e d i s i s t hat c m e n e t . s c ie n tis ts r e s e a r c h in g . t g r o u p s d e v e l o p d i f fe r e n t a c c e n t s e l a p . , ju s t lik e p e o p le . h u m a n s h a v e a h u g e a d v a n ta g e o v e r a n im a l s . . n d s e n te n c e s th a t c o m m u n ic a te cre te n e ss a llow s u s to m a k e co m p lex w or d s a u n lim ite d n u m b e r o f m e a n in g s a m a z in g a s pe c ts p A I R W O R K p ra o f h u m a n , a n d t h i s i s c o m m u n ic a ti o n o n e o f t h e r e a l l i m y p r e s s i v e a c tu a lly . c t i c e s a y i n g t h e s e n t e n c e s w it h a p a r t n e r , s h e n d i s c u s s w h y t h e p r o f e s s o r e m p h a s iz e s t h e w o r d s h e d o e s U NIT 9 w o rl d itr a r y o f a n i m a l c o m m u n ic a tio n is n o t a r b me e r k a t s a , th e u s e o f ) Dis a n 88 t h o s t e v e n m e a n i n g o f th e d a n c e is s o c le a r a n d s o p r e c is e th a 8 (2 ) T h e y l i v T s e e n n ta in a n d m a i e s ta b lis h hey t , s o f h u m a n fo o d i s e d a n c e s c a n in te r p r e t e x a c tly w h e r e th e be B 1 1 e s e c o n d c h a r a c te r is tic o f h u m a n 7 (4) T h e 10 e d w o rd s e stre sse n d e r ı ın e t h . 4 (2) I n 6 (1 ) T h ı w , t i o p is tic c t e r a n d h u m a n c o m m u n ic a ti o n s ty le s c o m p a r e t u ltim a tely e r c e p u . . c o n v e y i n fo r m a t i o n t o o n e a n o t h e r hey t , so cial o r s a n iz a tion 3 (3 ) B u t h e ıe « u r e a n d co m p ıe te th e sta te m e n ts fro m t . r e s s in g t h e u n d e r ı in e d w o r d s . lı " lp " es s in g a n O p in io n Ex p r Q P ic \ a b o ut t h e ï AĘ = ch s t a t e m e n t . ad e 1 An Thencheck(Whoagreeswtht . i m a ıs c o m m u n i c a t e a , n n im a l co m m u n i 2 A i o n is m o R łv ・ r M ı* D D D sh a re so m e c o m m u n ic a t io n e o h i ' t m e e rk a t lo o k s lik e a ra c co o n 4 A į u s i n i a d is p g e d ha n w e u la c e m e n t d e ta d . s s io n a g a i n L is t e . n c lo s e ı y f o r t h e c o m m e n t s A sk in g le " h a t w h t e r e t t m y " a n n y B u u H o w c h n e e l s e o g t f r o m t h s o l t h in k a n im a l c o m m u n ic a t io n a n n ın t h y Do y o u T k ı n a n a c a d e m ic s e t t i n g fe e lin g s, o , i n e d p o s it i o n a s m a ıl g ro u p i n k ns . Bu , y a n o p in io n □ 口 口 □ 口 口 口 口 口 □ 口 口 o u ha v e n u m e r o u s o p p o r t u n it i e s t o e x p r e s s y o u r o p i n io n s t w h i le m a n y o p i n i o n s s t a r t w it h e x p r e s s io n s l i k e I t h i n k , i n t e re s t in g o n e s c o n t i n u e w it h f a c t s , , d is c u s s e x o n e o r m o re o f t h e s e t o p ic s . e p r i e n Tr y c e s , to a n d o t h e r f o r m s o f I be s u p - lie v e, r t o p . u s e t h e d is c u s s i o n s t ra t e g ie s . t h s a t a n i m a l c o m m u n i c a t i o n i s m o r e s o h p i s t i c a t e d t h a n m o s t e o p p l e u n d e r s t a n d . a g r e e ? o f p e t s o u y o f a r b itr a r in e s s G iv a ly t h e n ' h ・ Ex p re s s i n g f o r c l a r i f i c a t i on o r c o n f irm a t io n in g . ? yo u h a v e le a r n e d M i s . s sıo n S t ra te g y T RY IT h o y " " u r th o u g hts, T r e per s onaı l t a n d In m y o p in i o n ı v a lo t m o re s o p h ist ic a t e d t h a n w e u n d e r s t a n d D ıs c u ı a ' P 4 M ia yo t ° 2 M ia 3 M is l s " ct u re ? . . A g ree R iv e r M a n n y . B L E A R N T H E S T R A T E G I E S W a t c h t h e d is c u C he c k 0 ) t h e d is c u s s io n s t r a t e g y t h e s t u d e n t u s e s 1 . Ha n na h . l in g t o o t h e r a n i m a ıs i s n 3 s ig n a @ a th a n o n e s tu d e n t m a y a g re B - d the y c h a r a c t e r i s t ic s w it h h u m a n s M o re , e e x a m p le s st ud e n t o f o th e r s ? s g i , v e had o r o th e r a n i m a l s w i t h dis p ı a c e m e n t , c w h ich ltu r a l t r a n s m i s s io n u y ou , o r d ' v e i s c i n hu m a r e t e t e r a n e c t e d s s . i n Cou t h l d y o u d e te c t s ig n s e i r i c a t i on . c o m m u n a n i c a t i o n ? . ve se v e r a l ex a m p l es of th e co m p l ex i t y o f q n co m m u n C yo u t hi nk - An im a l C o m m u n ic a t io n 8 9 W yo u r RE v IEW @ 90 No' " u u no te s se y o u , rr ıa k e n o te s a n d t h e f o ılo w i n w t »r d s t o g g ro u p s o f a . U NIT 9 Re . D y I o a k e h e U t T e t a d h e P o f ic ie ' " A se t h e o u t s a b e rıce se n t s m g t...
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