BOOK-Dhoto-JaringanKomputer2.pdf - BUKU JARINGAN KOMPUTER II Penulis 3D4 Telkom 2004 Editor Sritrusta Sukaridhoto ST PhD([email protected] Politeknik

BOOK-Dhoto-JaringanKomputer2.pdf - BUKU JARINGAN KOMPUTER...

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BUKU JARINGAN KOMPUTER II Penulis: 3D4 Telkom 2004 Editor: Sritrusta Sukaridhoto, ST. PhD. ([email protected]) Politeknik Elektronika Negeri Surabaya (PENS) – 2014
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Daftar Isi BAB 1. IPv6 ............................................................................................................................................... 7 1.1 Latar Belakang dan Permasalahan IPv4 .......................................................................................... 7 1.2 Keunggulan IPv6 ............................................................................................................................. 8 1.2.1 Setting otomatis statefull ......................................................................................................... 8 1.2.2 Setting otomatis stateless ......................................................................................................... 8 1.3 Perubahan dari IPv4 ke IPv6 ........................................................................................................... 9 1.3.1 Kapasitas Perluasan Alamat .................................................................................................... 9 1.3.2 Penyederhanaan Format Header .............................................................................................. 9 1.3.3 Peningkatan dukungan untuk header pilihan dan header tambahan (Options and extention header) .............................................................................................................................................. 9 1.3.4 Kemampuan pelabelan aliran paket ...................................................................................... 10 1.3.5 Autentifikasi dan kemampuan privasi ................................................................................... 10 1.4 Alamat IPv6 ................................................................................................................................... 11 1.4.1 Unicast Address (one-to-one) ................................................................................................ 11 1.4.2 Multicast (one-to-many) ........................................................................................................ 12 1.4.3 Anycast Address .................................................................................................................... 13 1.5 Struktur Paket data IPv6 ................................................................................................................ 13 1.6 Flow-Label dan REAL TIME PROCESS ..................................................................................... 14 1.7 IPv6 TRANSITION (IPv4 – IPv6) ................................................................................................ 15 1.8 Representasi Alamat pada IPv6 ..................................................................................................... 15 1.9 Kelas IPv6 ..................................................................................................................................... 16 1.10 Protokol Routing pada IPv6 ........................................................................................................ 17 1.10.1 BGP4+ ................................................................................................................................. 17 1.10.1.1 Atribut yang dimiliki oleh BGP: .................................................................................. 18 1.10.2 RIPng ................................................................................................................................... 19 1.10.3 OSPFv3 ............................................................................................................................... 20 1.10.3.1 Perbandingan antara link-state daripada distance vector: ............................................ 21 1.10.3.2 Perbedaan yang terjadi antara OSPF IPv4 dengan OSPF IPv6 adalah: ...................... 21 1.11 Contoh Infrastruktur IPv6 ........................................................................................................... 22 1.12 SOAL dan JAWABAN ................................................................................................................ 23 1.12.1 Soal ...................................................................................................................................... 23 1.12.2 Jawaban ............................................................................................................................... 23 1.13 REFERENSI ............................................................................................................................... 25 BAB 2. MULTI PROTOCOL LABEL SWITCHING (MPLS) ............................................................... 27 2.1 Pengertian MPLS .......................................................................................................................... 27 2.2 Header MPLS ................................................................................................................................ 27 2.3 Enkapsulasi Paket .......................................................................................................................... 28 2.4 Arsitektur MPLS ........................................................................................................................... 29 2.5 MPLS Network Arsitektur ............................................................................................................ 29 2.6 MPLS Cloud .................................................................................................................................. 30 2.7 Contoh Penggunaan MPLS Pada Jaringan .................................................................................... 30 2.7.1 Dengan Jalur Routing Protocol : ........................................................................................... 31 2.7.2 Dengan Jalur MPLS : ............................................................................................................ 31 2.7.3 Dengan VPN MPLS: ............................................................................................................. 31 2.8 Proses Pada MPLS ........................................................................................................................ 32 2.9 Standarisasi Protokol MPLS ......................................................................................................... 32 2.9.1 MPLS OVER ATM ............................................................................................................... 32 2.9.2 HIBRIDA MPLS-ATM ......................................................................................................... 33 2.9.3 LABEL DAN LABELED PACKET ..................................................................................... 34 2.9.4 GMPLS .................................................................................................................................. 34 2.10 Implementasi MPLS .................................................................................................................... 35 2.11 SOAL-SOAL ............................................................................................................................... 35 2.12 REFERENSI ............................................................................................................................... 36 BAB 3. MOBILE IP ................................................................................................................................. 37 3.1 Mobilitas Pada Internet Protocol ................................................................................................... 37 3.2 Mobile IPv4 (MIPv4) .................................................................................................................... 38 3.2.1 Arsitektur Mobile IPv4 .......................................................................................................... 38 3.3 Operasi Pada MIPv4 ...................................................................................................................... 39
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3.4 Mobile IPv6 (MIPv6) .................................................................................................................... 43 3.4.1 Protokol Mobile IPv6 ............................................................................................................ 43 3.4.2 Operasi Dasar Mobile IPv6 ................................................................................................... 44 3.5 Perbandingan Mobile IPv4 dengan Mobile IPv6 .......................................................................... 46 3.6 SOAL dan JAWABAN .................................................................................................................. 47 3.6.1 Soal ........................................................................................................................................ 47 3.6.2 Jawaban ................................................................................................................................. 47 3.7 REFERENSI ................................................................................................................................. 49 BAB 4. MULTIMEDIA PROTOKOL ..................................................................................................... 50 4.1 Definisi Protokol Multimedia ....................................................................................................... 50 4.2 Karakteristik Data Multimedia ...................................................................................................... 51 4.3 Real Time Protocol (RTP) ............................................................................................................. 51 4.3.1 Yang dilakukan RTP .............................................................................................................. 51 4.3.2 Yang tidak dilakukan RTP : ................................................................................................... 52 4.3.3 Format header RTP ................................................................................................................ 54 4.4 Cara Kerja RTP ............................................................................................................................. 56 4.5 Real-time Control Protocol (RTCP) .............................................................................................. 56 4.5.1 RTCP mempunyai 4 fungsi utama, yaitu : ............................................................................. 56 4.5.2 Format header RTCP ............................................................................................................. 57 4.5.3 Bagian –bagian RTCP ........................................................................................................... 57 4.5.4 Hubungan antara RTP dan RTCP .......................................................................................... 57 4.6 Resource Reservation Protocol (RSVP) ........................................................................................ 58 4.7 Real-Time Streaming Protocol (RTSP) ......................................................................................... 58 4.7.1 Arsitektur RTSP ..................................................................................................................... 58 4.7.2 Aplikasi Multimedia .............................................................................................................. 59 4.7.3 Multimedia Streaming ........................................................................................................... 60 4.7.4 Hubungan antara RTP, RTCP dan RTSP ............................................................................... 61 4.8 QuickTime ..................................................................................................................................... 61 4.8.1 QuickTime players ................................................................................................................ 61 4.8.2 QuickTime framework .......................................................................................................... 62 4.8.3 File format QuickTime .......................................................................................................... 63 4.8.4 QuickTime dan MPEG-4 ....................................................................................................... 64 4.8.5 Profile Support ...................................................................................................................... 64 4.8.6 Keuntungan container ............................................................................................................ 64 4.9 Video conference ........................................................................................................................... 65 4.10 Voice Over Internet Protokol (VoIP) ........................................................................................... 67 4.10.1 Delay ................................................................................................................................... 68 4.10.2 Bandwidth ........................................................................................................................... 69 4.10.3 Aplikasi VoIP ....................................................................................................................... 71 4.10.4 Keuntungan VoIP ................................................................................................................. 71 4.10.5 Kelemahan VoIP .................................................................................................................. 72 4.10.6 H.323 ................................................................................................................................... 72 4.10.6.1 Arsitektur H.323 .......................................................................................................... 73 4.10.6.2 Protocol H.323 ............................................................................................................. 74 4.10.6.3 Keunggulan protocol H.323 ........................................................................................ 74 4.10.7 Session Initition Protokol (SIP) ........................................................................................... 76 4.10.7.1 Susunan Protocol SIP .................................................................................................. 76 4.10.7.2 Komunikasi dengan SIP
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