Forum 6.docx - Based on the American constitution which...

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Based on the American “constitution,” which internal and external stakeholders, in the policy making process, possess “constitutional legitimacy” for their role in making public policy? Do entities with explicit power have more influence than those entities with implied powers in making public policy? Should they? Why or why not? Being legitimate is being in accordance with the law, established rules, principles, or standards. Legitimacy can change individual’s impacts on the political realm. Who has the actual legitimacy, or who “thinks” they have legitimacy plays a big role on who holds the most influence. Constitutional legitimacy is a virtue rooted in a system of belief: the acceptance that an exercise in power is justified and therefore authorized, either implicitly or explicitly, by society at large. The concept of legitimacy must be distinguished from the concept of legality; anillegal action may be legitimate in the eyes of the people, and conversely, simply because an action is legal does not always imply that it is legitimate (Chau, Brian, 2012).If we look at the government as a business for just a minute internal stakeholders are the individuals and parties within the actual organization and are impacted directly. Internal stakeholders are usually dedicated to providing services to the company, and can be highly affected by decisions, performance and profit margins. They are also tasked with knowing the secret internal matters of the particular entity. Examples of these in the policy making process would be the politicians, lobbyist, auditors, civil servants, etc. The external stakeholders would represent outside parties which or get affected by the business activities and are impacted indirectly. They for part of a business environment and do not participate in the day to day operations. Although they do not directly deal with companies directly and do not know about internal matters they can have a great deal of influence on them. Examples of external stakeholders would be the citizens of the United States, media entities, large corporations, etc.This last power is enshrined in Article I, Section 8, Clause 18—one of the most important and controversial clauses in the entire Constitution. This "Necessary and Proper Clause" (sometimes

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