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Running Head: CULTURAL ASSESSMENT PRESENTATION Cultural Assessment Presentation Name Institution
2 CULTURAL ASSESSMENT PRESENTATION Cultural Assessment: Latinos Description of Hispanic population According to Juckett (2013), the terms Latino or Hispanic refer to a diverse population of individuals from Latin America. These individuals can be from a number of races or countries such as Mexico, Cuba, Puerto Rico and South or Central America as well as any other country with a Spanish origin or culture. According to demographic data revealed by the US Census Bureau, Latinos are deeply anchored in the areas where they first settled, although they continue to disperse in other areas in the United States. Currently, the Latino’s are the largest minority group in the United States. Other sources also cite that the Latinos are the fastest growing population. Data from the US Census Bureau revealed that in 2012, the Latino population was 53 million, making up 17% of the total US population. It is predicted that by the year 2050, the population of Hispanics will have hit 30% of the total population. Close to 55% of the Latino or Hispanic population in the United States occupy Texas, Florida, and California, with California having the largest population amounting to 14.4 million (Juckett 2013).These demographics continue to change as Latino’s become integrated with other suburban and rural communities in America. A large percentage of Latinos are well educated, however, a number of sources still reveal that close to 23% of Latinos in the United States live in poverty. Zoucha and Purnell (2003) cite that in relation to religion, most Latino’s are Roman Catholics. This aspect plays a key role in how they manage matters to do with health and illness. Most Latino’s have candles and pictures of saints in their homes, with altars in their living rooms and bedrooms. They believe that each saint has a special religious function. For instance, the saint associated with cancer is St. Peregrine while that associated with death is St. Joseph.
3 CULTURAL ASSESSMENT PRESENTATION During life threatening sicknesses or situations, Latino’s believe in anointing the sick or even baptism. Latino diets are made up of nutritionally rich foods that are easy to prepare. These include maize, potatoes, peanuts, and beans. Giger-Davidhizar Transcultural Assessment Model The cultural beliefs of Latinos can further be examined using Giger-Davidhizar Transcultural Assessment tool. This tool utilizes six cultural phenomena that can be used to understand cultural beliefs and practices related to different groups. These elements include communications, space, social organizations, time, environmental control and biological variation. In relation to communication, Galanti (2008) reveals that Latinos mostly use Spanish as their main language of communication. A large percentage of them are literate hence they can effectively communicate both in Spanish and fluent English. Verbal and nonverbal

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